Should the baby live?: the problem of handicapped infants
Few subjects have generated so many newspaper headlines and such heated controversy as the treatment, or non-treatment, of handicapped newborns. In 1982, the case of Baby Doe, a child born with Down's syndrome, stirred up a national debate in the United States, while in Britain a year earlier, Dr. Leonard Arthur stood trial for his decision to allow a baby with Down's syndrome to die. Government intervention and these recent legal battles accentuate the need for a reassessment of the complex issues involved. This volume--by two authorities on medical ethics--presents a philosophical analysis of the subject based on particular case studies. Addressing the doctrine of the absolute sanctity of life, Singer and Kuhse examine some actual cases where decisions have been reached; consider the criteria for making these decisions; investigate the differences between killing and letting die; compare Western attitudes and practices with those of other cultures; and conclude by proposing a decision-making framework that offers a rational alternative to the polemics and confusion generated by this highly controversial topic.
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Is all human life of equal worth?
the treatment of spina bifida
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abortion Academy of Pediatrics accepted active euthanasia active treatment alive allow American anencephaly Baby Doe believe birth blockage brain British Medical Journal cent chapter Christian committee court criteria customary medical death decide decision defect Department of Health disabled discussion distinction doctors doctrine Down's syndrome Down's syndrome infant Dr Arthur Dr Koop Eliot Slater Everett Koop extraordinary means foetus Freeman Gerhard Gesell Gesell handicapped child handicapped children Health and Human hospital Human Services hydrocephalus infanticide interests issue John Lorber John Pearson judgement killing Kung lethal injection Life-Sustaining Treatment lives Medicine moral significance murder Myelomeningocele Netsilik new-born infant non-treatment normal nursing obstetricians operation ordinary paediatricians parents patient Peggy person physician pneumonia possible prolong question quotation R. M. Hare reason regard sanctity of human severely handicapped infants society Spina Bifida Cystica spina bifida infants Stinson surgeons surgery survive Tikopia treated woman worthwhile