## Classics of mathematicsAppropriate for undergraduate and select graduate courses in the history of mathematics, and in the history of science. This edited volume of readings contains more than 130 selections from eminent mathematicians from A h-mose' to Hilbert and Noether. The chapter introductions comprise a concise history of mathematics based on critical textual analysis and the latest scholarship. Each reading is preceded by a substantial biography of its author. |

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### Contents

PROTOMATHEMATICS IN THE LATE ACE OF STONE AND | 9 |

From The Exact Sciences in Antiquity | 16 |

From the Ahmose or Rhind Papyrus | 27 |

Copyright | |

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algebra Almagest analytic geometry ancient Apollonius Arabic Archimedes Aristotle arithmetic astronomy base Book calculus called century Chapter chord circle circumference complex numbers cube cubic equations curve Descartes diameter differential Diophantus divided divisible Elements equal equations Euclid Euclid's Elements Euler example Fermat figure finite fluxions follows function Gauss geometry given greater Greek Hence hyperbola indivisibles infinite integral Ivor Thomas Johann Bernoulli known Leibniz Leonhard Euler less logarithms magnitude mathematicians mathematics Maya means measure method method of exhaustion motion multiplied Newton notation parabola parallel perpendicular philosophy plane polygon prime number problem proof PROPOSITION Ptolemy quantities radius ratio Reprinted by permission right angles roots segment sexagesimal sides sine solid solution solved Source sphere square straight line subtracted surface symbols tangent theorem things tion translation treatise triangle trigonometry University Press