Christian Humanism and the Puritan Social Order
Traditional views of puritan social thought have done a great injustice to the intellectual history of the sixteenth century. They have presented puritans as creators of a disciplined, progressive, ultimately revolutionary theory of social order. The origins of modern society and politics are laid at the feet of zealous English protestants whose only intellectual debts are owed to Calvinist theology and the Bible. Professor Todd demonstrates that this view is fundamentally ahistorical. She places puritanism back in its own historical milieu, showing puritans as the heirs of a complex intellectual legacy, derived no less from the Renaissance than from the Reformation. The focus is on puritan social thought as part of a sixteenth-century intellectual consensus. This study traces the continuity of Christian humanism in the social thought of English protestants.
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Introduction The demythologizing of puritanism
Christian humanism as social ideology
The transmission of Christian humanist ideas
The spiritualized household
Work wealth and welfare
Adages ancient Anglican argued Aristotelian Aristotle Arminianism authority Batty beggars behavior biblical bishops Bodl Bucer Cambridge Catholic charity Christ Christian humanism Christian humanists Christopher Hill church Cicero cited classical clerical College Commonplace book commonwealth conformist conscience Counter-Reformation criticism curriculum D'Ewes discipline doctrine early modern early Stuart Elizabethan England English Erasmian Erasmus fols godly Greek Harl hierarchy historians household humanist social idleness individual Institutio instruction intellectual Jesuits John Laud Laudian logic London McConica medieval moral More's notebooks notes obedience Oxford passim Perkins Plutarch political poor relief poverty preachers prince protestant protestantism puritan puritan social Quintilian quoted Ramus reformist Religion religious Renaissance Richard Samuel Ward scholastic scholasticism Scriptures Seneca sermons seventeenth seventeenth-century Simonds D'Ewes sixteenth century social order social theory social thought society spiritual St John's Starkey texts theological Thomas tradition Treatise Trent Tridentine Utopia Vives wealth William William Perkins