Hardstones: The Gilbert Collection
Philip Wilson Pub. in association with The Gilbert Collection, 2000 - Antiques & Collectibles - 329 pages
The technique of Hardstone mosaic was developed in the sixteenth century under the patronage of the Grand Dukes of Tuscany, in parallel with the revival of Roman mosaics made from tiny tesserae. Complex images were created from a matrix of coloured marbles and semiprecious stones, selected and cut with breathtaking craftsmanship. During the seventeenth century the technique was used in the production of some of the most magnificent luxury objects in Italy; in the eighteenth century, panels of landscapes, birds and flowers were incorporated into furniture and snuffboxes. This gave way in the nineteenth century to the production of pictures in extraordinarily convincing imitation of oil paintings.
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CABINETS CASKETS AND CLOCKS
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agate alabaster altar Angeles County Museum antique marble Antonio Arte del Mosaico artists base black marble border breccia cabinet cartouche carved casket central centre century Pietre dure chalcedony Christie's coloured marble commentary Cosimo Cosimo Fanzago craftsmen decorated depicting designs drawers ebony eighteenth century Emperatori 1975 exhibitions Fanzago Filippo Napoletano floral Florence Florentine Florentine mosaic flowers Francesco Gilbert Collection gilt bronze Giovanni Giovanni Battista Foggini Giuseppe Valadier Giusti gold Gonzalez-Palacios Gonzalez-Palacios 1977a Gonzalez-Palacios and Rottgen Grand Ducal workshops hardstone inlaid intarsia jasper landscape lapis lazuli literature London malachite Medici micromosaic mosaic mosaic panels motifs mounts Museo dell'Opificio Museum of Art Naples Opificio ornamentation oval painting pair Palace Paris picture pieces pietre dure pietre dure panels pietre tenere plaques porphyry provenance rectangular Roman Rome scagliola seams second half seventeenth century side similar snuffbox Sotheby's stone mosaic style tabletop Valadier vases white marble