Artificial Parts, Practical Lives: Modern Histories of Prosthetics

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Katherine Ott, David Serlin, Stephen Mihm
NYU Press, 2002 - History - 359 pages
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In 1933 Americans did something they had never done before: they voted to repeal an amendment to the U.S. Constitution. The Eighteenth Amendment, which for 13 years had prohibited the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages, was nullified by the passage of another amendment, the Twenty-First. Many factors helped create this remarkable turn of events. One factor that was essential, Kenneth D. Rose here argues, was the presence of a large number of well-organized women promoting repeal.

Even more remarkable than the appearance of these women on the political scene was the approach they took to the politics of repeal. Intriguingly, the arguments employed by repeal women and by prohibition women were often mirror images of each other, even though the women on the two sides of the issue pursued diametrically opposed political agendas. Rose contends that a distinguishing feature of the women's repeal movement was an argument for home protection, a social feminist ideology that women repealists shared with the prohibitionist women of the Women's Christian Temperance Union. The book surveys the women's movement to repeal national prohibition and places it within the contexts of women's temperance activity, women's political activity during the 1920s, and the campaign for repeal.

While recent years have seen much-needed attention devoted to the recovery of women's history, conservative women have too often been overlooked, deliberately ignored, or written off as unworthy of scrutiny. With American Women and the Repeal of Prohibition, Kenneth Rose fleshes out a crucial chapter in the history of American women and culture.

  

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Contents

An Introduction to Modern Histories
1
Veterans and Prosthetics
45
Artificially Rebuilding
70
Breast Prosthesis before 1950
102
Confederate Veterans
119
Craft and Commerce
147
The Development of Cosmetic
171
The Material Development
199
Communication
227
Motion Study
249
The Long Arm of Benjamin Franklin
300
Developing the Jaipur
327
Contributors
349
Copyright

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About the author (2002)

Katherine Ott is a curator of Science, Medicine, and Society at the National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, which houses the largest collection of medical artifacts in the U.S.

David Serlinis a research historian and exhibitions curator in the History of Medicine Division at the National Library of Medicine in Bethesda, Maryland.Stephen Mihmis a doctoral candidate in history at New York University.

Stephen Mihmis a doctoral candidate in history at New York University.

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