Developing Effective Employment Services, Parts 63-208
World Bank Publications, Jan 1, 1993 - Business & Economics - 44 pages
Employment services promote the efficient allocation of labor by, among other things, promoting labor mobility and improving productivity. This paper assesses the cost- effectiveness of services designed to expedite the exchange of labor between job-seekers and employers. The authors find that the benefits of employment services are not uniform. Benefits may be reduced in small countries with a large informal sector, or when the economy is stagnant and the demand for labor is depressed (even though the need for the services may be greater under such conditions). The authors advocate a balance between public and private sector delivery of employment services. They favor opening the private market for what they term support services, which increase productivity and include income support and retraining. Such support services are distinct from what the authors call core services, provision of which they believe is properly left to the public sector. Core services to assist job-seekers include job-placement services, relocation assistance, counseling, and skills assessment. The authors find that core services are cost-effective and that public sector providers can ensure that such services are delivered to unemployed, low-skilled, or semiskilled workers whose needs may not be met by the private sector. The paper reviews the justification for and development of employment services over time and compares various approaches to the provision of such services. It reviews the various types of employment services and examines the differences between public and private sector delivery.
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active employment programs active programs administration advance notice automation communities core and support core employment services core placement core services cost cost-effective Department of Labor developing countries dislocated displaced workers duration of unemployment effective employers Employment and Immigration employment counseling evaluation example expenditure financing firms formal sector Gross Domestic Product Hungary including unemployment benefits income support programs Industrial investments Japan job search training job seekers job vacancies Kalamazoo labor exchange services labor force labor market information labor mobility labor offices mass layoffs Netherlands Newstart Allowance OECD OECD countries operation P.O. Box Paris passive income support payroll taxes PES offices placement services Poland private employment agencies private employment services private sector private services programs include Public Employment Services Public service employment retraining role Romania skills social welfare staff Sweden targeting Turkey U.S. Department unemployment compensation United Kingdom wage subsidies World Bank
Page 47 - ... for Public Financial Management. Hywel M. Davies, Ali Hashim, and Eduardo Talero No. 194 Social Cains from Female Education: A Cross- National Study. K. Subbarao and Laura Raney No. 195 Towards a Sustainable Development: The Rio de Janeiro Study. Edited by Alcira Kreimer, Thereza Lobo, Braz Menezes, Mohan Munasinghe, and Ronald Parker No.
Page 40 - Expenditures on employment services should be understood as necessary long-term investments in a productive society. ln the final analysis the real costs of unemployment are not only the losses relating to industrial production. Unemployment is an affront to human dignity; a blow to family life. When it falls on the young, the unskilled, the minority, the older worker, it falls on those least able to absorb its cost.
Page 13 - These programs include paying the costs of fares for job search, providing lodging allowances and household removal expenses, and making a contribution towards the cost of house sale and purchase.
Page 14 - Labor task force on dislocated workers found "no evidence that the productivity of the work force is adversely affected during a notification period" (US Department of Labor 1986).
Page 12 - ... to 73 percent in a small pilot project in the Netherlands (Commission of the European Communities 1990). A recent survey of the existing literature entitled "Does Training Work for Displaced Workers?
Page 7 - Creation of such a moc is essential if the advantages of having both systems are to outweigh the disadvantages (OECD 1988:9).
Page 28 - PES is an institution with some degree of autonomy, controlled by a director-general responsible to a Ministry or tripartite governing body, as in lreland, Canada, Turkey, Germany, Sweden, United Kingdom, Hungary, Poland and Mexico.