Primary Productivity and Biogeochemical Cycles in the Sea, Issue 37

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Springer Science & Business Media, May 31, 1992 - Nature - 550 pages
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Biological processes in the oceans play a crucial role in regulating the fluxes of many important elements such as carbon, nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen, phosphorus, and silicon. As we come to the end of the 20th century, oceanographers have increasingly focussed on how these elements are cycled within the ocean, the interdependencies of these cycles, and the effect of the cycle on the composition of the earth's atmosphere and climate. Many techniques and tools have been developed or adapted over the past decade to help in this effort. These include satellite sensors of upper ocean phytoplankton distributions, flow cytometry, molecular biological probes, sophisticated moored and shipboard instrumentation, and vastly increased numerical modeling capabilities. This volume is the result of the 37th Brookhaven Symposium in Biology, in which a wide spectrum of oceanographers, chemists, biologists, and modelers discussed the progress in understanding the role of primary producers in biogeochemical cycles. The symposium is dedicated to Dr. Richard W. Eppley, an intellectual giant in biological oceanography, who inspired a generation of scientists to delve into problems of understanding biogeochemical cycles in the sea. We gratefully acknowledge support from the U.S. Department of Energy, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Science Foundation, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Electric Power Research Institute, and the Environmental Protection Agency. Special thanks to Claire Lamberti for her help in producing this volume.
  

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primary productivity and biochemical cycle in the sea issue 37

Contents

PERSONAL NOTES
1
THE NATURE AND MEASUREMENT OF THE LIGHT ENVIRONMENT IN THE OCEAN
9
THE FUNCTIONAL AND OPTICAL ABSORPTION CROSS SECTIONS OF PIIYTOPLANKTON PHOTOSYNTHESIS
31
MOLECULAR ECOLOGY OF PHYTOPLANKTON PHOTOSYNTHESIS
47
NUTRIENT LIMITATION OF MARINE PHOTOSYNTHESIS
69
GEOLOGIC AND CLIMATIC TIME SCALES OF NUTRIENT VARIABILITY
89
NUTRIENT LIMITATION OF NEW PRODUCTION IN THE SEA
107
IRON AS A LIMITING FACTOR IN OCEANIC PRODUCTIVITY
123
THE ROLE OF COASTAL HIGH LATITUDE ECOSYSTEMS IN GLOBAL EXPORT PRODUCTION
285
TRACER BASED INFERENCES OF NEW PRIMARY PRODUCTION IN THE SEA
299
NEW PRODUCTION AND THE GLOBAL CARBON CYCLE
317
TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION?
333
THE MICROBIAL FOOD WEB
361
REGENERATION OF NUTRIENTS
385
GRAZING TEMPORAL CHANGES OF PHYTOPLANKTON CONCENTRATIONS AND THE MICROBIAL LOOP IN THE OPEN SEA
409
A PLANT PHYSIOLOGISTS PERSPECTIVE
441

SATELLITE OCEAN COLOR OBSERVATIONS OF GLOBAL BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLES
139
ADVANCES IN UNDERSTANDING PHYTOPLANKTON FLUORESCENCE AND PHOTOSYNTHESIS
155
BIOOPTICAL MODELS AND THE PROBLEMS OF SCALING
175
PHYTOPLANKTON SIZE
213
PRODUCTIVITY OF SEAWEEDS
239
PRODUCTIVITY OF ZOOXANTHELLAE AND BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLES
257
THE IMPORTANCE AND MEASUREMENT OF NEW PRODUCTION
273
READING THE SEDIMENTARY RECORD OF THE OCEANS PRODUCTIVITY
455
DO MARINE PHYTOPLANKTON INFLUENCE GLOBAL CLIMATE?
487
DIATOM EVIDENCE
505
PARTICIPANTS
535
INDEX
545
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References to this book

Marine Microbiology
John H. Paul
Limited preview - 2001
Marine Microbiology
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About the author (1992)

Paul G. Falkowski is Board of Governors Professor in Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology in the Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences and the Department of Geological Sciences at Rutgers University. He has published numerous articles in "Science, Nature," and "Scientific American." John A. Raven is Boyd Baxter Professor of Biology at the University of Dundee, Scotland. His books include "Energetics and Transport in Aquatic Plants.

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