World Hypotheses: A Study in Evidence

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University of California Press, 1942 - Philosophy - 348 pages
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"World hypotheses" correspond to metaphysical systems, and they may be systematically judged by the canons of evidence and corroboration.

In setting forth his root-metaphor theory and examining six such hypotheses—animism, mysticism, formism, mechanism, contextualism, and organicism—Pepper surveys the whole field of metaphysics. Because this book is an analytical study, it stresses issues rather than men. It seeks to exhibit the sources of these issues and to show that some are unnecessary; that the rest gather into clusters and are interconnected in systems corresponding closely to the traditional schools of philosophy. The virtue of the root-metaphor method is that it puts metaphysics on a purely factual basis and pushes philosophical issues back to the interpretation of evidence.

This book was written primarily as a contribution to the field, but its plan excellently suits it for use as a text in courses in metaphysics, types of philosophical theory, or present tendencies in philosophy.
  

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Contents

The Utter Skeptic
1
Dogmatists
11
Evidence and Corroboration
39
Hypotheses
71
CHAPTER PACK
84
Eclecticism Is Confusing
104
Concepts Which Have Lost Contact
113
A General View of the Hypotheses
141
Mechanistic Theory of Truth
221
Contextualism
232
Derivation of the Contextualistic Categories
233
Quality
235
Strands and Context of Texture
246
References of Strands
252
Individual Textures
264
Operational Theory of Truth
268

Formism
151
CHAPTER PAGE 5 Amalgamation of the Immanent and the Tran scendent Categories of Formism
167
Concrete Existence
168
Truth in Formism
180
The Transition to Mechanism
184
Mechanism
186
The Mechanistic Root Metaphor
187
The Mechanistic Categories
191
Discrete Mechanism
195
Consolidated Mechanism
197
Secondary Categories
215
Organicism
280
The Categories of Organicism
281
An Illustration
283
Application of the Categories
290
Time and Truth
308
SUMMARY CRITICISMS AND ANSWERS
315
Review and Conclusions
317
The Criticisms
332
The Answers
334
Copyright

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About the author (1942)

Stephen C. Pepper, well known for this and his many other contributions to the field of philosophy, was at the time of his death Mills Professor Emeritus of Intellectual and Moral Philosophy and Civil Polity at the University of California, Berkeley campus.

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