Trading Beyond the Mountains: The British Fur Trade on the Pacific, 1793-1843 (Google eBook)

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UBC Press, Nov 1, 2011 - History - 440 pages
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During the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, the North West and Hudson's Bay companies extended their operations beyond the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. There they encountered a mild and forgiving climate and abundant natural resources and, with the aid of Native traders, branched out into farming, fishing, logging, and mining. Following its merger with the North West Company in 1821, the Hudson's Bay Company set up its headquarters at Fort Vancouver on the lower Columbia River. From there, the company dominated much of the non-Native economy, sending out goods to markets in Hawaii, Sitka, and San Francisco.

Trading Beyond the Mountains looks at the years of exploration between 1793 and 1843 leading to the commercial development of the Pacific coast and the Cordilleran interior of western North America. Mackie examines the first stages of economic diversification in this fur trade region and its transformation into a dynamic and distinctive regional economy. He also documents the Hudson's Bay Company's employment of Native slaves and labourers in the North West coast region.

  

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Contents

CHAPTER 1 The North West Passage by Land
3
CHAPTER 2 Managing a New Region
35
CHAPTER 3 George Simpson and a New Pacific Commerce
44
CHAPTER 4 Nature Here Demands Attention
69
CHAPTER 5 From Fort Vancouver to the Vermilion Sea
95
CHAPTER 6 The North West Coast
123
CHAPTER 7 New Markets for New Exports
151
CHAPTER 8 Columbia Country Produce
184
CHAPTER 10 Crisis in the Fur Trade
244
CHAPTER 11 Simpsons Reorganization
257
CHAPTER 12 The Native Foundation of Trade and Labour
283
Conclusion
311
Notes
325
Bibliography
379
Index
399
Copyright

CHAPTER 9 Beyond the Mere Traffic in Peltries
218

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About the author (2011)

Richard Mackie is a freelance historian and lecturer who lives in Courtenay, British Columbia. He is the author of The Wilderness Profound: Victorian Life on the Gulf of Georgia (1995).

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