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agitation Alta amendments American anti-Chinese appears arrested bill boycott Burlingame treaty Census cent certificate chiefly China Chinaman Chinatown Chinese government Chinese immigration Chinese laborers Chinese merchants Chinese Minister Chinese quarter Chinese question Chinese Six Companies cigar cigarmakers citizens Commissioner Committee competition Cong Congress Consul contract coolies contract laborers coolie courts criminals declared demand Democrats Docs dollars Eastern emigration employed enforce exclusion laws exempt classes fact favored favored nation foreigners Geary Act Geary law Hist Hittell Hong Kong hundred industry inspectors Irish large number legislation less living manufacture ment miners mining nation negotiations number of Chinese officers Pacific Coast paid party passed persons placer mining police political population port President prohibit prostitutes protection race regulations Rept Republican restriction Sacramento Union San Francisco Scott Act Secretary Senator Six Companies testimony thousand tion trade Treasury United violation vote wages white labor women workingmen
Page 149 - The United States of America and the Emperor of China cordially recognize the inherent and inalienable right of man to change his home and allegiance, and also the mutual advantage of the free migration and emigration of their citizens and subjects respectively, from one country to the other, for the purpose of curiosity, of trade or as permanent residents.
Page 148 - Citizens of the United States visiting or residing in China shall enjoy the same privileges, immunities and exemptions in respect to travel and residence as may be enjoyed by the citizens or subjects of the most
Page 161 - of such a character only as is necessary to enforce the regulation, limitation or suspension of immigration, and immigrants shall not be subject to personal maltreatment or abuse. Art. II.—Chinese subjects, whether proceeding to the United States as teachers, merchants or from curiosity, together with their
Page 149 - Congress had declared the right of expatriation to be : "A natural and inherent right of all people, indispensable to the enjoyment of life, liberty and the pursuit of
Page 148 - be enjoyed by the citizens or subjects of the most favored nation. But nothing herein contained shall be held to confer naturalization upon citizens of the United States in China, nor upon the subjects of China in the United States.
Page 160 - Whereas the Government of the United States, because of the constantly increasing immigration of Chinese laborers to the territory of the United States, and the embarrassments consequent upon such immigration, now desires to negotiate a modification of the existing Treaties which shall not be in direct contravention of their spirit :— Now therefore . . . the
Page 161 - merchants or from curiosity, together with their body and household servants, and Chinese laborers who are now in the United States shall be allowed to go and come of their own freewill and accord,
Page 96 - the Almighty originally gave them ; and as they are not a favored people, they are not to be permitted to steal from us what we have robbed the American savage of. ... I believe that the Chinese have no souls to save, and if they have, they are not worth the
Page 299 - a person engaged in buying and selling merchandise, at a fixed place of business, which business is conducted in his name, and who during the time he claims to be engaged as a merchant, does not engage in the performance of any manual labor except such as is necessary in the conduct of his business as such merchant.
From Google Scholar
John U Ogbu, Herbert D Simons - 1998 - Anthropology & Education Quarterly
JUNE MEI - 1979 - Modern China
Past & Present
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Eric Fong, William T Markham - 1991 - Sociological Inquiry