Robert G. Hamerton-Kelly, Walter Burkert
Stanford University Press, 1987 - Religion - 275 pages
Burkert, Girard, and Smith hold important and contradictory theories about the nature and origin of ritual sacrifice, and the role violence plays in religion and culture. These papers and conversations derive from a conference that pursued the possibility and utility of a general theory of religion and culture, especially one based on violence. The special value of this volume is the conversations as such—the real record of working scholars engaged with one another's theories, as they make and meet challenges, and move and maneuver.
Girard and Burkert present different versions of the same conviction: that a single theory can account for ritual and its social function, a theory that posits original acts of group violence. Smith sharply questions both the possibility and the utility of such a general theory. Among the highlights of this stimulating interchange of ideas is a searching criticism of Girard's theory of generative scapegoating, which he answers with clarity and conviction, and a challenging of Burkert's theory of the origin of sacrifice in the hunt by Smith's argument, posed as a jeu d'esprit, that sacrifice originates with the domestication of animals.
What people are saying - Write a review
Review: Violent Origins: Walter Burkert, René Girard, and Jonathan Z. Smith on Ritual Killing and Cultural FormationUser Review - Xiaomin Zu - Goodreads
only read the assigned chapter, interesting but a bit euro-centric. Read full review
Religion and Ritual i
Rene Girard Generative Scapegoating
6 other sections not shown
action activity aggression animal sacrifice anthropology Bacchae basic become behavior Bible biblical Burkert collective murder collective violence complex context critical culture domestication ethnographic ethological event evidence example fact feel Freud FRITS STAAL function Girard Greek guilt Hainuwele headhunting Homo Necans human hunters hunting hunting hypothesis Ilongot imitation important incest interesting interpretation Jonathan Jonathan Z kind Levi-Strauss Machaut mean mechanism Milomaki mimetic desire mythical mythology nonconscious notion Oedipus Oedipus myth origin Paleolithic pattern persecution persecutors pharmakos phenomenon primitive problem question rationalization regard religious Rene Rene Girard ritual killing rivalry role ROSALDO Sacred sacrificial ritual scapegoat scapegoating scene seems sense Smith social society STAAL story structure symbolic talk theory of religion things tion Totem and Taboo tradition unanimous understand Upper Paleolithic victim victimage WALTER BURKERT Yahuna