Nature and the English Diaspora: Environment and History in the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand

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Cambridge University Press, Sep 28, 1999 - History - 350 pages
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First published in 1999, this book is a comparative history of the development of ideas about nature, particularly of the importance of native nature as a part of the culture in the Anglo settler countries of the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. It examines the development of natural history in the great nineteenth-century expansion of settlement. It explores settlers' adaptations to the end of expansion and scientists' shift from natural history to ecology. Finally it analyzes the diffusion of ecology through the Anglo world and to the general population as well as the rise of environmentalism. Addressing not only scientific knowledge, but also popular issues such as hunting, common names for plants and animals, landscape painting, and nature stories, this book explores the ways in which English-speaking settlers looked at nature in their new lands and at the place they gave it in their societies.
  

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Contents

North American population distribution
1
Natural History and the Construction of Nature
21
European Models in New Lands
46
BEYOND CONQUEST
71
National Nature 188o192o
97
Australian population distribution
128
North American annual precipitation
129
Thomas Cole View from Mount Holyoke Northampton Massachusetts after a Thunderstorm The Oxbow
130
Tom Thomson The Jack Pine
136
A Y Jackson Terre Sauvage 1913
137
A Y Jackson Algoma Rocks c 1923
138
Changing Science 188o193o
139
FINDING FIRM GROUND
165
National Nature 192o194o
201
An Ecological Perspective 192o195o
219
NEW KNOWLEDGE NEW ACTION
245

Frederic Edwin Church The Heart of the Andes
131
Edward Landseer The Monarch of the Glen
132
David Davies A Hot Day Golden Summer
133
g Frederick McCubbin Lost 1886
134
1o Hans Heysen Sunshine and Shadow
135
The Debate Transformed
275
The Upshot
307
1 7
318
Index 343
325
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