A Guide to Wetland Functional Design

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CRC Press, Dec 13, 1991 - Technology & Engineering - 240 pages
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A Guide to Wetland Functional Design provides coherent design guidance on wetland replacement for estuarine, palustrine, riverine, and lacustrine systems. It describes wetland design from a functional standpoint and addresses subjects such as wetland hydrology, nutrient removal and transformation, sediment and toxicant retention, shoreline stabilization, floodflow alteration, groundwater recharge, and wildlife habitat. The guide is loaded with figures and tables to help illustrate key points, and it is presented in an easy-to-use format that leaves plenty of room for making notes.

A Guide to Wetland Functional Design is an essential tool for individuals involved in a wetland replacement project. Environmental consultants, government regulators, environmental managers, and anyone interested in wetland functional design, wetland creation, or restoration will find this handy guide packed with useful information.
  

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Contents

Introduction
1
A Guide to Wetland Functional Design
2
Aquatic diversityabundance site selection and site design
4
List of Figures
13
Wetland Hydrology
15
Determination of tide elevations needed for a tidal wetland
19
Using an existing stream channel as a wetland basin
25
Nutrient RemovalTransformation
31
Underlying wetland soils for ground water recharge
98
Topography with a hydraulic gradient favoring ground water
104
Production Export
107
Example of a wetland with well balanced proportions and
113
Sizing a wetland basin for significantly expanded seasonal flooding
119
Aquatic Diversity Abundance
133
Example of vegetated bank for a riverine wetland
147
Wetland Dependent Bird Habitat Diversity
163

Wetland with channel flow
41
SedimentToxicant Retention
47
Topographic and vegetative treatments to minimize fetch
55
Shoreline Stabilization
67
Measurement of fetch
75
Floodflow Alteration
79
Ground Water Recharge
91
Example of a highly interspersed mosaic of vegetation classes
174
Sinuous uplandwetland edge
194
Designing for Multiple Functions
203
References
213
Wetland and Native Plant Suppliers
221
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