Respiration and crop productivity
This book examines the quantitative role of respiration in the growth and productivity of major field crops, an issue of profound significance for theoretical and applied plant sciences. The biochemistry and physiology of crop plants are coupled to a functional model that considers respiration in terms of growth and maintenance components. Using this model as a framework for evaluating existing data, the author discusses the efficiency of crop respiration and the gains in productivity that may be made by manipulating respiration rate through breeding or management. The book also critically evaluates competing theories in areas of research still lacking data and provides an up-to-date summary of the literature on the subject. Readers will gain firm awareness of the important part respiration plays in the growth and carbon economy of crops, as well as of plants in general.
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A Functional Model of Respiration
Biochemistry of Respiration
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02 uptake 6-phosphate alternative pathway Amthor apparent photosynthesis assimilation barley bean biochemical biochemistry biosynthesis carbohydrate carbon balance components crop growth crop plants crop productivity crop respiration dark decrease dehydrogenase dry mass equation estimates experimental field-grown fructose fructose 6-phosphate glucose Glucose 6-phosphate glycolysis grain sorghum growth and maintenance Growth chamber growth conversion efficiency growth efficiency growth respiration Hesketh increase in respiration J.F. Farrar Lambers leaves maintenance coefficient maintenance respiration rate maize mature McCree method mitochondria NADH nitrate nitrogen nodulated observed organs P/0 ratio Penning de Vries pentose phosphate pathway perennial ryegrass phosphorylation photorespiration photosynthesis Physiologia Plantarum phytomass Plant Physiology protein protein content rate of respiration reduced relationship respiratory quotient root respiration senescence shoot sorghum soybean specific growth rate specific respiration rate stem substrate levels sucrose TCA cycle temperature tenance Thornley tion tissue total respiration translocation two-component model water stress wheat whole plant yield