The Karankawa Indians of Texas: An Ecological Study of Cultural Tradition and Change (Google eBook)

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University of Texas Press, May 28, 2010 - Social Science
2 Reviews

Popular lore has long depicted the Karankawa Indians as primitive scavengers (perhaps even cannibals) who eked out a meager subsistence from fishing, hunting and gathering on the Texas coastal plains. That caricature, according to Robert Ricklis, hides the reality of a people who were well-adapted to their environment, skillful in using its resources, and successful in maintaining their culture until the arrival of Anglo-American settlers.

The Karankawa Indians of Texas is the first modern, well-researched history of the Karankawa from prehistoric times until their extinction in the nineteenth century. Blending archaeological and ethnohistorical data into a lively narrative history, Ricklis reveals the basic lifeway of the Karankawa, a seasonal pattern that took them from large coastal fishing camps in winter to small, dispersed hunting and gathering parties in summer. In a most important finding, he shows how, after initial hostilities, the Karankawa incorporated the Spanish missions into their subsistence pattern during the colonial period and coexisted peacefully with Euroamericans until the arrival of Anglo settlers in the 1820s and 1830s. These findings will be of wide interest to everyone studying the interactions of Native American and European peoples.

  

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User Review  - billsearth - LibraryThing

Although pretty dense reading, there is plenty of information on where these Indians lived in Texas. The book gives an indication of the rexources available to them and what they seemed to be eating ... Read full review

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Contents

1 Who Were the Karankawas?
1
2 The Karankawan Environment
11
3 The Archaeological Exploration of Karankawan Adaptation
25
4 Archaeological Evidence for Prehistoric Occupation of Shoreline Fishing Camps
35
5 Karankawan Occupation of the Coastal Prairie Environment
72
6 Reconstructing Prehistoric Karankawan Adaptive Patterns
101
7 Karankawan Adaptive Patterns during the Colonial Era
111
Continuity and Change in Karankawan Lifeways
125
Seven Decades of Hostilities and the Resolution of Conflict
143
10 The Mission as an Ecological Resource
159
11 The LongTerm Ecological Roots of Adaptive Change
169
Defining the Geographical and Chronological Parameters of the Rockport Phase through Ceramic Analysis
177
Methods of Seasonality Analysis
189
References Cited
195
Index
217
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