The Republic of St. Peter: The Birth of the Papal State, 680-825

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University of Pennsylvania Press, 1984 - History - 374 pages
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The Republic of St. Peter seeks to reclaim for central Italy an important part of its own history. Noble's thesis is at once original and controversial: that the Republic, an independent political entity, was in existence by the 730s and was not a creation of the Franks in the 750s.

Noble examines the political, economic, and religious problems that impelled the central Italians—and a succession of resolute popes—to seek emancipation from the Byzantine Empire. He delineates the social structures and historical traditions that produced a distinctive political society, describes the complete governmental apparatus of the Republic, and provides a comprehensive assessment of the Franco-papal alliance.

  

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Contents

Pax Italiae
1
The Transformation of Byzantine Italy
2
The Place of the Roman Church
9
The Sixth Ecumenical Council
12
St Peters Peculiar People
15
Lombards
23
Iconoclasm and Lombards
28
New Lombard Threats and Shifting Papal Diplomacy
40
Papal Elections and Republican Politics
188
Reflections on the Papal Office
205
The Papacy Within the Republic
209
The Governance of the Republic
212
Secular Administration
230
Administration Outside Rome
2-41
The Papal Government
2-53
Amicitia Pax et Caritas The PrancoPapal Alliance
2-56

The Birth of a Papal Republic
57
St Peters Strong Right Arm
61
A New Dynasty
65
The Italian Crisis and the FrancoPapal Alliance
71
Sanctae Dei Ecclesiae Reipublicae Romanorum
94
Unanswered Questions
98
Our Beloved Son Desiderius That foul and Pestiferous Lombard
99
A Crisis Inside the Republic
112
Hadrian and His Republic in 774
132
Multis Documentis Hadrian Charlemagne and the Republic of St Peter
138
Problems with the Sources
148
The Territorial Settlements of 781
153
The Territorial Settlements of 78788
175
The Frontiers of the Republic
181
The Governors of the Republic
184
Papal Profiles
185
A Historiographical Orientation
2-57
The Amicitia Alliance
262
The Terms of the Alliance
270
The Duration of the Alliance
273
The Place of the Alliance in the History of the Republic
2-75
The Republic and the Ranks
2-77
The Franks in the Republic Before 800
2-78
The Imperial Coronation of Charlemagne
2-91
The Ludavicumum
299
The Constitutio Romana
308
Friendship Protection Admmistration
322
Symbol and Reality in the Lateran Mosaics
323
Conclusion
325
Bibliography
337
Index
365
Copyright

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About the author (1984)

Thomas F. X. Noble is Associate Professor of History at the University of Virginia and the author of The Republic of St. Peter: The Birth of the Papal State, 680-825 (1984).

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