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acres Agricultural Society American became began breeders breeding bushels butter canal cattle census cheese Columbia consin corn cows crop cultivation dairying Dane County Dodge Dodge County Driftless Area early English factory fair farm Fond du Lac foreign forest Fox River German Green Bay hardwoods herd hogs horses houses Illinois immigrants improved Iowa Jefferson Kenosha County Lafayette Lake Michigan land lead region limestone livestock Madison Manitowoc Manitowoc County merinos mill Milwaukee Mississippi Mount Pleasant native northern Wisconsin pine pineries pioneer population pork portions pounds prairies and openings production purebred Racine County Richards ridges roads Rock Rock County rural Sauk County settled settlement settlers Sheboygan sheep shorthorn soil sold southeastern southern stumps swine timber tion towns valley Vermont Walworth County Waukesha Waukesha County Welsh western wheat wheat growing Whitewater Winnebago Wiscon Wisconsin farmers wood wool York
Page 115 - It is not to be inferred from what has been said that the local assessors discover all intangible property subject to taxation, and list it at its true value.
Page 71 - ... could be brought in for breeding purposes, and the majority of the herds of later dates could be traced to such importation. The settlers were so determined to become independent that no sooner had a crop been produced, than a grist mill became the most important necessity. Of this Schafer says: "It was the first institution, save the school, in which all settlers had an interest...
Page 157 - Hoard saw that the fundamental problem confronting Wisconsin farmers was the problem of marketing dairy products, especially cheese. Western markets, by 1872, were becoming glutted and it was necessary for Wisconsin manufacturers to break through into the eastern and English markets. This feat, no light one in the days when Wisconsin dairymen were without influence and New York's competition was so overshadowing, was accomplished through the agency of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association, organized...
Page 145 - In the north, with large bodies of good land still out of cultivation, a continuous, sometimes a rapid, influx of agricultural immigrants took place. These immigrants were of all types, but the table of nativities, extracted from the last census and printed herewith, shows that a very large proportion were Scandinavians, including Norwegians, Danes, Swedes, and Finns.
Page 52 - The revolutionary tendencies of the age and their rigorous suppression caused widespread discontent among liberals, especially in the states bordering the Rhine, and the freedom of the American system of government appealed strongly to such men. Wisconsin was just beginning to settle; the climate, soil, and market conditions were favor
Page 154 - ... recognizable were mainly four: the influence of the New York example; the leadership of New York men; the scientizing and organizing agency of the College of Agriculture; and the whole-hearted cooperation in the practical execution of plans and policies of Swiss, German, Scandinavian, and other fanners of foreign extraction to whom, more than to the native American element, the leaders learned to look for the daily exemplification of good methods and the elimination of bad practises.
Page 87 - ... to plant wheat, which was the chief support of agriculture in the first years of immigration.18 Oats, rye, and barley were also raised, but in smaller quantities. In spite of the change in proportion, there was no change in the grains themselves, and no reason for abandoning their Norwegian names. "Wisconsin was settled precisely at the time when new inventions in harvesting machinery began to make their appearance after ages of dependence on implements little more complex than the sickle."19...
Page xi - ... shall soon have a chance to adjudge the merits of the whole program. When the time came to cast the data for the twenty-five towns (townships is the popular designation) included in this volume " it was seen," says Mr. Schafer, "that the matter on each town could be treated in much smaller compass ... if there was a comprehensive sketch of the history of agriculture in the state to which on all general topics one could simply refer, instead of repeating such matter in the texts pertaining to...
Page 2 - For the most part it is rolling and uneven, with well defined depressions controlling the flow of the water courses in addition to numerous lakes, ponds, and marshes.