Nazi Empire-Building and the Holocaust in Ukraine

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Univ of North Carolina Press, Sep 19, 2005 - History - 328 pages
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On 16 July 1941, Adolf Hitler convened top Nazi leaders at his headquarters in East Prussia to dictate how they would rule the newly occupied eastern territories. Ukraine, the "jewel" in the Nazi empire, would become a German colony administered by Heinrich Himmler's SS and police, Hermann Goring's economic plunderers, and a host of other satraps. Focusing on the Zhytomyr region and weaving together official German wartime records, diaries, memoirs, and personal interviews, Wendy Lower provides the most complete assessment available of German colonization and the Holocaust in Ukraine.

Midlevel "managers," Lower demonstrates, played major roles in mass murder, and locals willingly participated in violence and theft. Lower puts names and faces to local perpetrators, bystanders, beneficiaries, as well as resisters. She argues that Nazi actions in the region evolved from imperial arrogance and ambition; hatred of Jews, Slavs, and Communists; careerism and pragmatism; greed and fear. In her analysis of the murderous implementation of Nazi "race" and population policy in Zhytomyr, Lower shifts scholarly attention from Germany itself to the eastern outposts of the Reich, where the regime truly revealed its core beliefs, aims, and practices.

!--copy for pb reprint:BROn 16 July 1941, Adolf Hitler convened top Nazi leaders at his headquarters in East Prussia to dictate how they would rule the newly occupied eastern territories. Ukraine, the "jewel" in the Nazi empire, would become a German colony administered by Heinrich Himmler's SS and police, Hermann Goring's economic plunderers, and a host of other satraps. Focusing on the Zhytomyr region and weaving together official German wartime records, diaries, memoirs, and personal interviews, Wendy Lower provides the most complete assessment available of German colonization and the Holocaust in Ukraine. In her analysis of the murderous implementation of Nazi "race" and population policy in Zhytomyr, Lower shifts scholarly attention from Germany itself to the eastern outposts of the Reich, where the regime truly revealed its core beliefs, aims, and practices.BR--
  

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With this close examination of the attitudes and processes that the German conquest brought to Ukraine in 1941, the author tries to tie what the Nazis believed about empire-building to what actually ... Read full review

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Bill Gates, World Genocide Project ....
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Bill Gates, World Genocide Project ....
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WEBSITE:
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Thirty-eight of the largest U.S. billionaires joined the initiative of the founder of Microsoft, Bill Gates and Warren Buffet financial guru, to donate at least half of their fortunes, which together are around 230,000 million. The founder of CNN, Ted Turner, filmmaker George Lucas and the hotelier Barron Hilton, the list
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Thirty-eight of the largest U.S. billionaires have joined the initiative of the founder of Microsoft, Bill Gates and Warren Buffet financial guru, to donate at least half of their fortunes, which together are around 230,000 million, officials said Wednesday the proposal.
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Among the tycoons who have accepted the challenge are the mayor of New York, Michael Bloomberg, and the co-founder of Oracle, Larry Ellison, and the media executive Barry Diller and CNN founder Ted Turner.
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The list also includes the likes of George Lucas, energy tycoon T. Boone Pickens, the hotelier Barron Hilton and David Rockefeller.
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Gates and Buffett, who Forbes magazine considered two of the world's richest men with a net set of 90,000 million dollars, last month launched the initiative "The Giving Pledge" ("The commitment to donate" to the to convince the country of billionaires who devote their wealth to philanthropy.
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"We just started and we've gotten a terrific response," Buffett said in a statement, owner and financial holding company Berkshire Hathaway known as the "Oracle of Omaha" for his ability to predict the performance of markets.
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In addition to asking for money, Gates and Buffet also asked who would accept his challenge exhibited in a letter the reasons why they decided to donate most of their wealth.
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Bloomberg, who made his fortune from the current financial information company that bears his name, said in his letter that philanthropy is the best investment in the future of new generations.
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"If you do something for your children and show them how much you love, the best thing you can do with difference is to support organizations that build a better world for them," he added.
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Lucas, father of the sagas of the "Star Wars" and "Indiana Jones," he said, meanwhile, that his interest as donor centers on the world of education.
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"It is the key to our survival as a species. We have to plan for our collective future, and the first step are social instruments, emotional and intellectual we provide to our children, "he said.
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The U.S. has around 400 fortunes in excess of one billion dollars, accounting for 40 percent of assets in this level that is in the world.
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If the millionaires who appear on the list of the 400 richest U.S. donate half of its net assets, could raise for charity and social over 600,000 million dollars, according to estimates by Fortune Magazine
 

Contents

Introduction
1
1 Nazi Colonialism and Ukraine
18
2 Military Conquest and Social Upheaval JulyAugust 1941
30
3 The Wehrmacht Administration of Zhytomyr
44
The Onset of the Holocaust JulyDecember 1941
69
5 The Zhytomyr General Commissariat 19421943
98
The Holocaust in the Countryside and Jewish Forced Labor 19421943
129
Nazi Resettlement Experiments and the Volksdeutsche
162
8 The Unraveling of Nazi Rule 19431944
180
9 Legacies of Nazi Rule
200
German and Ukrainian Spellings of Place Names
209
Notes
211
Bibliography
279
Index
301
Copyright

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About the author (2005)

Wendy Lower is research fellow and lecturer in the department of Eastern European history at Ludwig Maximilians Universitat in Munich. She is a former research fellow and director of Visiting Scholars Programs at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum's Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies.

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