The Theory and Practice of Scientific Management (Google eBook)

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Houghton Mifflin, 1917 - Industrial efficiency - 319 pages
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Page 188 - First. The development of a true science. Second. The scientific selection of the workman. Third. His scientific education and development. Fourth. Intimate friendly cooperation between the management and the men.
Page 187 - A LARGE DAILY TASK. Each man in the establishment, high or low, should daily have a clearly defined task laid out before him. This task should not in the least degree be vague nor indefinite, but should be circumscribed carefully and completely, and should not be easy to accomplish.
Page 187 - STANDARD CONDITIONS. Each man's task should call for a full day's work, and at the same time the workman should be given such conditions and appliances as will enable him to accomplish his task with certainty.
Page 179 - The best method of managing men who work by the day " consists of paying men and not positions. Each man's wages as far as possible are fixed according to the skill and energy with which he performs his work, and not according to the position which he fills. Every endeavor is made to stimulate each man's personal ambition.
Page 261 - ... that in the future scientific time study will establish standards which will be accepted as fair by both sides. There is no reason why labor unions should not be so constituted as to be a great help both to employers and men. Unfortunately, as they now exist they are in many, if not most, cases a hinderance to the prosperity of both.
Page 265 - Wherever this system has been tried it has resulted either in labor trouble and failure to install the system, or it has destroyed the labor organization and reduced the men to virtual slavery, and low wages, and has engendered such an air of suspicion among the men that each man regards every other man as a possible traitor and spy. The present effort on the part of Mr.
Page 187 - ... such standardized conditions and appliances as will enable him to accomplish his task with certainty. (c) HIGH PAY FOR SUCCESS. He should be sure of large pay when he accomplishes his task. (d) LOSS IN CASE OF FAILURE. When he fails he should be sure that sooner or later he will be the loser by it. When an establishment has reached an advanced state of organization, in many cases a fifth element should be added, namely: the task should be made so difficult that it can only be accomplished...
Page 189 - They develop a science for each element of a man's work, which replaces the old rule-of-thumb method. Second. They scientifically select and then train, teach, and develop the workman, whereas in the past he chose his own work and trained himself as best he could.
Page 189 - There is an almost equal division of the work and the responsibility between the management and the workmen. The management takes over all work for which they are better fitted than the workmen, while in the past almost all of the work and the greater part of the responsibility were thrown upon the men.
Page 41 - ... utilization, so far as conditions would permit, of expert knowledge secured wherever it was obtainable. Altho necessarily a crude example of scientific management it has accomplished enough to show great possibilities if a sufficiently long period and free hand were given for its completer development.1 The Bureau of Efficiency and Economy of the city of Milwaukee has utilized the knowledge and inspiration of Mr. Emerson in the development of its plans; and the Emerson Company has also been consulted...

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