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The Reign of Selim III 17891807
The Reigns of Mustafa IV and Mahmud II 18071839
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Aali Abdul-Medjid's reign administrative agha agriculture Anatolia appointed Arch Armenian Catholics army Arpee Asia Asiatic Turkey Baker Basmadjian Belin Bursa capital cent Christian civil commercial condition Constantinople council Creasy Cuinet Dadian divan Diyarbekir dollars Effendi elected empire's Engelhardt Erzurum established European firman foreign Fuad Pasha government's governor grand vizier Grassi Greek Orthodox Habesci Hatti-Humayun Heidborn Histoire Economique Histoire Generale Ibid imperial industry interest issued Izmit Janizaries Jour Juchereau de Saint-Denys jurisdiction kaymakam kaza kaziaskers kharaj land later loan Mahmud Midhat military millets minister Mission missionaries Moslem Moslems and non-Moslems non-Moslem non-Moslem communities non-Moslem groups officials Ottoman Empire Ottoman subjects palace Papers patriarch piasters political popular Porte Porte's powers Protestants provinces reforms religious revenues Revue Rosen Saint-Denys sanjak schools Schopoff Selim Sheik ul-Islam sheri courts Smyrna sultan Trabzon treasury Turkey Turkish Turquie ulema vakf valis vilayet western Young Ottomans