Imaging and Image Analysis Applications for Plastics (Google eBook)

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William Andrew, Dec 31, 1999 - Technology & Engineering - 315 pages
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The broad collection of techniques gathered in this book help illustrate material/process/property relationships for a wide selection of materials and processes in the plastics industry. With the recent increases in computing power and scope, as well as advances in software engineering, imaging has already become a universal tool. Image processing and image analysis have become common expressions are widely recognized within the scientific community.

The imaging techniques employed range from visible optical methods to scanning and transmission electron microscopy, x-ray, thermal wave infrared and atomic force microscopy. Image analysis is used to monitor/ characterize a variety of processes.

Processes included within this book are: extrusion, injection molding, foam production, film manufacture, compression molding, blow molding, vulcanization, melt spinning, reactive blending, welding, conveying, composite manufacture, compounding, and thermosetting.

Imaging techniques are also employed to characterize/quantify a number of important material properties. These include: fiber orientation distribution, homogeneity of mixing, the rate of spherulites growth, polymer crystallization rate, melt flow index, pore size and shape in foam, cell density in foam, void content, particle analysis in polymer blends, morphology, interparticle distance, fiber diameter, fatigue crack, crazing, scratching, surface roughness, fiber-length distribution, nucleation, oil penetration, peel adhesion, chemical resistance, droplet-fiber transition, electrical conductivity, dispersion and impurity content.
  

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Contents

Chapter 1 The Optimized Performance of Linear Vibration Welded Nylon 6 and Nylon 66 Butt Joints
1
Chapter 2 Image Analysis of Polypropylene Melt Fibre Stretching
11
Chapter 3 The Effect of Fiber Orientation and Distribution on the Tooth Stifhess of a Polymer Composite Gear
19
Chapter 3 Novel Processing and Performance of Aligned Discontinuous Fiber Polymer Composites
27
Chapter 4 Characterization of Kneading Block Performance in CoRotating Twin Screw Extruders
35
Chapter 5 A Quantitative Description of the Effects of Molecular Weight and Atactic Level on the Spherulite Growth Rate of ZieglerNatta Isotactic P...
43
Chapter 6 Method to Evaluate the Homogenization of Bimodal Polyethylene in a CoRotating Twin Screw Extruder
53
Chapter 7 Miscibility and CoContinuous Morphology of PolypropylenePolyethylene Blends
59
Chapter 19 CO2Blown PETG Foams
165
Chapter 20 Tear Strength Enhancement Mechanisms in TPO Films
173
Chapter 21 Morphological Study of Fatigue Induced Damage in Semicrystalline Polymers
181
Chapter 22 The Effect of Several Kinds of Oils on the Oil Resistance Behavior of Polystyrenic Thermoplastic Vulcanizate
191
Chapter 23 Visualization of Polymer Melt Convergent Flows in Extrusion
201
Chapter 24 Evaluation of the Constrained Blister Test for Measurement of an Intrinsic Adhesion
209
Chapter 25 Fractal Analysis and Radiographic Inspection of Microwave Welded HDPE Bars
217
Chapter 26 Application of Thermography for the Optimization of the Blow Molding Process
225

Chapter 8 Flow Visualization for Extensional Viscosity Assessment
65
Effect of the Elastomer Viscosity on Impact Properties
73
Morphological Analysis of a HDPEPDMS System
79
Chapter 11 The in situ Compatibilization of HDPEPET Blends
89
Chapter 12 Evaluation of Process Aids for Controlling Surface Roughness of Extruded LLDPE
97
Nanoscratching by Atomic Force Microscope
107
Chapter 14 Study of the Morphology and the Tensile Mechanical Properties of Biaxially Oriented PETPP Blends
119
Chapter 15 Improved Barrier and Mechanical Properties of Laminar Polymer Blends
127
Chapter 16 Relative Magnetic Permeability of Injection Molded Composites as Affected by the Flow Induced Orientation of Ferromagnetic Particles
135
Compression Versus Injection Molding
145
Chapter 18 Polyetherimide EpoxyBased Prepreg Systems with Variable Temperature Cure Capability
155
Chapter 27 The Use of Video and the Development of Solids Conveying Theory
233
Chapter 28 Microcellular PET Foams Produced by the Solid State Process
241
Chapter 29 Thermal Wave Imaging of Propagating Cracks in Polypropylene and a Thermoplastic Olefin
249
A Physical Model for Mathematical Description
257
Chapter 31 Morphology and Rheology Sensors for InLine and OnLine Microstructure Monitoring in Compounding
267
Chapter 32 A New OnLine Technique for Morphology Analysis and Residence Time Measurement in a TwinScrew Extruder
273
Chapter 33 ControlledOrder Thermosets for Electronic Packaging
283
Chapter 34 Fatigue Fracture in Polypropylene with Different Spherulitic Sizes
289
Chapter 35BrittleDuctile Transition of PPRubberFiller Hybrids
299
Index
303
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About the author (1999)

Behnam Pourdeyhimi is a Distinguished Chaired Professor of Materials in the College of Textiles and the Executive Director of the Nonwovens Institute.

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