The World of Parmenides: Essays on the Presocratic Enlightenment
This text comprises several essays on ancient Greek philosophy, inspired, as Sir Karl Popper himself states in his preface, by two desires - first, to illustrate the thesis that all history is the history of problem situations and that in following this principle we may further our understanding of the Presocratics and other thinkers of the past; and second, to show the greatness of the early Greek philosophers, who gave Europe its philosophy, its science and its humanism. This collection of essays, published together for the first time, not only elucidates the complexity of ancient Greek thought, but also reveals Popper's engagement with Presocratic philosophy and the enlightenment he experienced in reading Parmenides. This collection also includes some pieces that have never before appeared in print. These writings on Greek science, philosophy and history demonstrate Popper's life-long fascination with and love for the Presocratic philosophers, in particular Parmenides, Xenophanes and Heraclitus.
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Back to the Presocratics
an attempt to establish
How the Moon might shed some of her light upon
How the Moon might throw some of her light upon
Can the Moon throw light on Parmenides
notes on Parmenides
Beyond the search for invariants
Comments on the prehistoric discovery of the self
Plato and geometry
Appendix Poppers late fragments on Greek philosophy
Addendum Anaximander Anaximander's Anaximenes angle Apeiron argument Aristotle Aristotle's atomists atoms believe body Boltzmann's conjecture cosmology course critical Democritus described discovery discussion divine doctrine doxa Earth Einstein Empedocles entropy entropy law epistemology especially Essay essence example exists explain fact geometry goddess gods Greek Philosophy Guthrie Heraclitus Hesiod Homer human hypothesis ideas illusion important induction interpretation intuitively Kahn light and night logical Maxwell's demon means Metaphysics method mind Moon mortals motion myth numbers objective opinion opposites Parmenides passage perhaps physical Plato poem Presocratics principle probability problem of change programme proof Protagoras Pythagoras Pythagorean rational reality reason refutation revelation Schrodinger scientific Section seems sense organs Socrates soul spherical statistical mechanics story suggest Thales Theaetetus theorem theory of change theory of knowledge things thought Timaeus tradition translation triangles true truth truthlike universe W. K. C. Guthrie words world of appearance Xenophanes