The Pilgrims and Pocahontas: Rival Myths of American Origin
Following the American Revolution, citizens of the United States began to write a history of their new nation starting with the first English settlements, Jamestown and Plymouth. Virginians embellished the saga of Jamestown and Pocahontas, the Indian woman who, by popular accounts, saved the colony. Similarly, New Englanders sanctified the Pilgrims and their mythical first step on Plymouth Rock.By comparing these two origin myths, investigating them in art, literature, and popular memory, Ann Uhry Abrams uncovers surprising similarities in traditions of remembrance as well as striking differences in the character of the myths and the messages they convey. During these heated debates of antebellum America, the escalating rivalry between North and South prompted an array of artists, authors, and politicians to refashion the legends to their needs, with Massachusetts turning the settlers of Plymouth into pious and industrious saints, Virginians portraying Pocahontas as the savior of English civilization in North America. As these images were codified, tales of Jamestown and Plymouth bolstered debates over immigration, women’s rights, abolition, Indian removal, and a host of other issues of national import. And when sectional rifts exploded into the Civil War, the stories fueled the flames that pitted North against South.
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early nineteenth century
Myths and History
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abolitionist Adams American ancestors antebellum artist Baptism Beecher began Bolling Boston Bradford British Captain John Smith Cavalier celebration Charles Christian Church Civil commemorate Croswell Culture Custis December descendants early England England Society English engraving Figure Forefathers Generall Historie George ginia Henry Historical Society hontas Ibid immigrants Indian James Jamestown Jedidiah Morse John Gadsby Chapman John Rolfe landing Letters liberty Literary London Longfellow Mass Mayflower Compact Miles Standish nation native nineteenth century oil on canvas Old Colony Memorial Old Dominion origin legend origin myth painting picture Pilgrim Fathers Pilgrim Hall Pilgrim Society plantation Plymouth Rock Pocahontas Pocahontas's poem political portrait Powhatan Princess prints published Puritan regional religious reprint rescue Richmond Robert Treat Paine rotunda Samuel F.B. Morse Sargent settlement settlers slavery slaves Southern story Sumner Tercentenary Thomas tion U.S. Capitol United Virginia's origin Washington Webster Weir Weir's William wrote York