ThermodynamicsIndisputably, this is a modern classic of science. Based on a course of lectures delivered by the author at Columbia University, the text is elementary in treatment and remarkable for its clarity and organization. Although it is assumed that the reader is familiar with the fundamental facts of thermometry and calorimetry, no advanced mathematics beyond calculus is assumed. Partial contents: thermodynamic systems, the first law of thermodynamics (application, adiabatic transformations), the second law of thermodynamics (Carnot cycle, absolute thermodynamic temperature, thermal engines), the entropy (properties of cycles, entropy of a system whose states can be represented on a (V, p) diagram, Clapeyron and Van der Waals equations), thermodynamic potentials (free energy, thermodynamic potential at constant pressure, the phase rule, thermodynamics of the reversible electric cell), gaseous reactions (chemical equilibria in gases, Van't Hoff reaction box, another proof of the equation of gaseous equilibria, principle of Le Chatelier), the thermodynamics of dilute solutions (osmotic pressure, chemical equilibria in solutions, the distribution of a solute between 2 phases vapor pressure, boiling and freezing points), the entropy constant (Nernst's theorem, thermal ionization of a gas, thermionic effect, etc.). 
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Review: Thermodynamics
User Review  Michelle  GoodreadsA good intro. Old mathematical notation though. Read full review
Contents
THERMODYNAMIC SYSTEMS  1 
2 Ideal or perfect gases  8 
THE FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS  11 
4 The application of the first law to systems whose states can be represented on a V p diagramhe Entropy Constant  19 
5 The application of the first law to gases  21 
6 Adiabatic transformations of a gas  25 
THE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS  29 
8 The Carnot cycle  31 
19 The phase rule  86 
20 Thermodynamics of the reversible electric cell  94 
GASEOUS REACTIONS  98 
22 The Vant Hoff reaction box  101 
23 Another proof of the equation of gaseous equilibria  106 
24 Discussion of gaseous equilibria the principle of Le Chatelier  109 
THE THERMODYNAMICS OF DILUTE SOLUTIONShe Entropy Constant  113 
26 Osmotic pressure  118 
9 The absolute thermodynamic temperature  35 
10 Thermal engines  44 
THE ENTROPY  46 
12 The entropy  48 
13 Some further properties of the entropy  54 
14 The entropy of systems whose states can be represented on a Vp diagram  59 
15 The Clapeyron equation  63 
16 The Van der Waals equation  69 
THERMODYNAMIC POTENTIALS  77 
18 The thermodynamic potential at constant pressure  82 
27 Chemical equilibria in solutions  123 
28 The distribution of a solute between two phases  127 
29 The vapor pressure the boiling point and the freezing point of a solution  130 
THE ENTROPY CONSTANT  139 
31 Nernsts theorem applied to solids  142 
32 The entropy constant of gases  147 
33 Thermal ionization of a gas the thermionic effect  151 
157  
Common terms and phrases
additive constant adiabatic amount of heat assume atmosphere boiling point calculate Carnot cycle cell Chemical equilibria concentrations consider constant pressure constant volume container cylinder decrease deﬁned deﬁnition diﬁerent dynamical electrons engine entropy constant environment equation equilibrium example expression ﬁnal result ﬁnd ﬁrst law ﬂow ﬂuid follows formula free energy function gaseous gases A1 given temperature grams heat absorbed heat Q Hence homogeneous ideal gas inﬁnitesimal transformation initial and ﬁnal integral isochore isothermal transformation law of mass law of thermodynamics left.hand side liquid mass action mechanical mixture molecular molecules monatomic NernstIs theorem number of moles obtain osmotic pressure partial pressure perature perfect differential performed phase piston pure solvent quantities ratio represented respectively reversible cycle reversible transformation right.hand side semipermeable membrane solid speciﬁc heat substance system composed temperatures t1 thermally insulated thermodynamic potential thermodynamical system tion vapor pressure variation in energy water vapor zero