Thermodynamics

Front Cover
Courier Dover Publications, 1956 - Science - 160 pages
27 Reviews
Indisputably, this is a modern classic of science. Based on a course of lectures delivered by the author at Columbia University, the text is elementary in treatment and remarkable for its clarity and organization. Although it is assumed that the reader is familiar with the fundamental facts of thermometry and calorimetry, no advanced mathematics beyond calculus is assumed.
Partial contents: thermodynamic systems, the first law of thermodynamics (application, adiabatic transformations), the second law of thermodynamics (Carnot cycle, absolute thermodynamic temperature, thermal engines), the entropy (properties of cycles, entropy of a system whose states can be represented on a (V, p) diagram, Clapeyron and Van der Waals equations), thermodynamic potentials (free energy, thermodynamic potential at constant pressure, the phase rule, thermodynamics of the reversible electric cell), gaseous reactions (chemical equilibria in gases, Van't Hoff reaction box, another proof of the equation of gaseous equilibria, principle of Le Chatelier), the thermodynamics of dilute solutions (osmotic pressure, chemical equilibria in solutions, the distribution of a solute between 2 phases vapor pressure, boiling and freezing points), the entropy constant (Nernst's theorem, thermal ionization of a gas, thermionic effect, etc.).
  

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Review: Thermodynamics

User Review  - Adam Centurione - Goodreads

awesome book, ive read multiple other books on the subject, in conjunction with university courses, but this treatment is one of the most straightforward. no bullshit, no devince, no fear of calculus. just is what it is. easy to read an follow through, and pleasing too. Read full review

Review: Thermodynamics

User Review  - Bob Finch - Goodreads

An excellent introduction Read full review

Selected pages

Contents

THERMODYNAMIC SYSTEMS
1
2 Ideal or perfect gases
8
THE FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
11
4 The application of the first law to systems whose states can be represented on a V p diagramhe Entropy Constant
19
5 The application of the first law to gases
21
6 Adiabatic transformations of a gas
25
THE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
29
8 The Carnot cycle
31
19 The phase rule
86
20 Thermodynamics of the reversible electric cell
94
GASEOUS REACTIONS
98
22 The Vant Hoff reaction box
101
23 Another proof of the equation of gaseous equilibria
106
24 Discussion of gaseous equilibria the principle of Le Chatelier
109
THE THERMODYNAMICS OF DILUTE SOLUTIONShe Entropy Constant
113
26 Osmotic pressure
118

9 The absolute thermodynamic temperature
35
10 Thermal engines
44
THE ENTROPY
46
12 The entropy
48
13 Some further properties of the entropy
54
14 The entropy of systems whose states can be represented on a Vp diagram
59
15 The Clapeyron equation
63
16 The Van der Waals equation
69
THERMODYNAMIC POTENTIALS
77
18 The thermodynamic potential at constant pressure
82
27 Chemical equilibria in solutions
123
28 The distribution of a solute between two phases
127
29 The vapor pressure the boiling point and the freezing point of a solution
130
THE ENTROPY CONSTANT
139
31 Nernsts theorem applied to solids
142
32 The entropy constant of gases
147
33 Thermal ionization of a gas the thermionic effect
151
INDEX
157
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About the author (1956)

Enrico Fermi: Father of the Atomic Age
Enrico Fermi (19011954) received the 1938 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his demonstrations of new radioactive elements produced by neutron irradiation, and for his related discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons." Just a year before winning the Nobel Prize, Fermi published Thermodynamics, based on a course of lectures at Columbia University, an enduring work which Dover first reprinted in 1956 and which has been in print continuously since then, one of the foundations of Dover's physics program.

Both a theorist and an experimentalist, Fermi packed an immense amount of science into his relatively short life, which ended prematurely as a consequence of the radiation he received working on the development of the atomic bomb. His work, of course, was not just in the realm of nuclear physics: Fermi will always be the most remembered for the events of December 2, 1942, when he and other scientists at the University of Chicago's Stagg Field produced the world's "first self-sustaining chain reaction . . . instituting the controlled release of atomic energy."

In the Author's Own Words:
"There are two possible outcomes: If the result confirms the hypothesis, then you've made a measurement. If the result is contrary to the hypothesis, then you've made a discovery." Enrico Fermi

Critical Acclaim for Enrico Fermi:
"He was simply unable to let things be foggy. Since they always are, this kept him pretty active." J. Robert Oppenheimer

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