Building Resemblance: Analogical Imagery in the Early French Renaissance
Resemblance, as featured in allegorical, analogical, and other figurative modes of expression, is often considered to be at the heart of discourse and understanding in the sixteenth century. Although this is undoubtedly true in Marsilio Ficino's Neoplatonism or Henry Cornelius Agrippa's occult philosophy, Michael Randall notes that difference also shows itself as an important element in many literary works of the early French Renaissance. In Building Resemblance, Randall examines the complex development of analogical imagery linking the imperfect human to the perfect divine in the poetry and prose of Jean Molinet and Jean Lemaire de Belges, two official historiographers working at the court of Burgundy, and in the novels of Fran& ccedil;ois Rabelais. In many of these texts, human beings understand their world not only through its resemblance to an invisible ideal but also through empirical analysis of contingent phenomena. Randall identifies a movement from Molinet's works featuring a conflicted relationship of resemblance and difference to Lemaire's, in which resemblance flourishes, and finally to Rabelais's Quart Livre, in which the principle of difference triumphs. All of these works, he argues, bear witness to the struggle between the paradigm of resemblance and that of difference, which would come to characterize the discourse of the modern era. In its use of noncanonical authors such as Molinet and Lemaire and in its contextualization of these authors in the works of other little-known writers, Building Resemblance offers a compelling new portrait of French Renaissance literature.
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The Flamboyant Allegory of Jean Molinets Roman
z Molinets Reversed Analogies
Etymologies tant ineptes
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absconce Acteur affective contemplation allegory analogy Andouilles Antiphysie Aquinas astrologer becomes Bernardino bien ceste Chappellet des dames chapter Christ Concorde des deux contingent Couronne critique described deux langages Dieu difference divine earthly Engastrimythes etymology evangelical existence explains Ficino fifteenth Gargantua Gargantua and Pantagruel Gaster Gerson hault sens higher meaning House of Burgundy human reason human understanding humanistic Ibid imagery images imperfect ius gentium Jean Gerson Jean Lemaire Jean Molinet Jodogne language Lefevre d'Etaples Lemaire de Beiges Lemaire's literary Margaret of Austria Mary of Burgundy medieval metaphysical Middle Ages Molinet Molinet's Chappellet Mombaer monde mystica theologia mystical nature Neoplatonic nominalist Nymph occult Ockham ontological Pantagruel Pantagruelians Panurge Papimanes paradigm participate perfect poem portrait Quaresmeprenant Quart Livre Rabelais Rabelais's novels reality relationship Renaissance resemblance reveal Rigolot Roman Rose moralise Saint says scholastic sixteenth century Spiritual Lover theology Thomas Aquinas tout truth universe univocity Vertus Virgin Mary virtue word and thing