Argument and Change in World Politics: Ethics, Decolonization, and Humanitarian Intervention

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Cambridge University Press, Jul 25, 2002 - Political Science - 466 pages
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Arguments have consequences in world politics that are as real as the military forces of states or the balance of power among them. Neta Crawford proposes a theory of argument in world politics which focuses on the role of ethical arguments in fostering changes in long-standing practices. She examines five hundred years of history, analyzing the role of ethical arguments in colonialism, the abolition of slavery and forced labour, and decolonization. Pointing out that decolonization is the biggest change in world politics in the last five hundred years, the author examines ethical arguments from the sixteenth century justifying Spanish conquest of the Americas, and from the twentieth century over the fate of Southern Africa. The book also offers a prescriptive analysis of how ethical arguments could be deployed to deal with the problem of humanitarian intervention. Co-winner of the APSA Jervis-Schroeder Prize for the best book on international history and politics.
  

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Contents

Argument belief and culture
11
Ethical argument and argument analysis
82
Colonial arguments
131
Decolonizing bodies ending slavery and denormalizing forced labor
159
Faces of humanitarianism rivers of blood
201
Sacred trust
249
Selfdetermination
291
Alternative explanations counterfactuals and causation
343
Poiesis and praxis toward ethical world politics
399
African decolonization
436
Select bibliography
440
Index
457
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About the author (2002)

Neta Crawford is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science, University of Massachusetts, Amherst. She is the co-editor (with Audie Klotz) of How Sanctions Work: Lessons from South Africa (1999), and author of Soviet Military Aircraft (1987), and a number of articles in leading journals.

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