Building on the Kyoto Protocol: Options for Protecting the Climate
Kevin A. Baumert
World Resources Institute, Jan 1, 2002 - Political Science - 252 pages
Since 1997, debates over global climate change policy have focused narrowly on the Kyoto Protocol -- an international treaty to control greenhouse gas emissions that are trapping heat in the atmosphere. According to the contributors of this volume, a wide range of other options need to be considered to promote long-term climate protection and bridge the growing divide among nations over how to take action. This compilation explores some of the best alternatives, with special attention to options that promote participation by both industrialized and developing countries. Each alternative is evaluated in terms of factors like economic cost, fairness, and development benefits -- the factors that ultimately shape political acceptability. Also included is a quantitative comparison of three approaches to differentiating climate commitments across countries.
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Evolving to a SectorBased Clean Development Mechanism
Reducing Uncertainty Through DualIntensity Targets
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adopted allocation analysis Annex I countries Annex I Parties Argentina Article atmosphere baseline Brazilian Proposal capita approach capita entitlements carbon Chapter Clean Development Mechanism climate change regime Climate Convention CO2 emissions commitment period costs developing coun developing countries dual-intensity targets dynamic targets economic emis emission allowances emission caps emission controls emission levels emission limitation emission reductions emission targets emissions intensity energy environmental equal per capita equity Eskom European Union fixed targets fossil fuel framework gases GHG emissions global warming greenhouse gas greenhouse gas emissions gross domestic product growth hot air implementation increase industrialized countries intensity targets international emissions trading IPCC Kyoto Protocol ment mitigation negotiations non-Annex I countries non-Annex I Parties OECD options participation percent policies and measures potential reference scenario require S-CDM project scenario SD-PAMs approach sector sions South Korea sustainable development Sustainable Development Policies tion uncertainty UNFCCC voluntary commitments