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Ang.-Sax Anglo-Saxon ANGLO-SAXON OR SCANDINAVIAN appears applied bably Backbarrow barrow berland boundary Brockett Buthar Byglands Carlisle Celtic circle common corruption Crag Crav CUMBERLAND AND WESTMORELAND Danes Danish Danish districts derived from Old derives its name dialect dinavian doubt dwelling English erected etymology evidently Fell Fjeld formerly frequent occurrence Freyja Geit gill glossary Grav grave Halliwell Hence hill Iceland inhabitants inscription instances island Jamieson keld lake district land Landnamabok language latter manner meaning Mell Fell mound mountain names of places North of England Northmen Norway Norwegian observes occurs Odin Old Eng Old Norse perhaps probably derived rdfa referred resemblance river Saxon Scandinavian names SCANDINAVIAN ORIGIN Scandinavian proper name Scotland seems sense sheep shores signifies Solway stone Suio-Goth supposed term Teutonic Thor thwaite tion traces Ullswater Ulpha valley verb Westm WESTMORELAND WORDS whence Windermere WORDS OF ANGLO-SAXON WORDS OF SCANDINAVIAN writer Yorkshire
Page 30 - When a chieftain had taken possession of a district, he allotted to each of the freemen who accompanied him a certain portion of land, erected a temple (hof), and became, as he had been in Norway, the chief, the pontiff, and the judge of the herad.
Page 143 - But there is some difference between the natives of Cumberland and those of Yorkshire — the former, though equally firmly knit, being of a less burly build than the inhabitants of the more purely Danish district, and in that respect more nearly resembling the Norwegians. As the people of Norway arc remarkable for the lightness of the hair, particularly in childhood, so I think that any one who has travelled much in Cumberland could scarcely fail to be struck with the groups of white-haired children...
Page 15 - He who had once supreme command, Last king of rocky Cumberland ; His bones, and those of all his Power, Slain here in a disastrous hour ! When, passing through this narrow strait, Stony, and dark, and desolate, Benjamin can faintly hear A voice that comes from some one near, A female voice : —
Page 74 - Edgar etheling with him. A. 1092. This year king William went northward to Carlisle with a large army, and he repaired the city, and built the castle. And he drove out Dolfin, who had before governed that country; and having placed a garrison in the castle, he returned into the south, and sent a great number of rustic Englishmen thither, with their wives and cattle, that they might settle there and cultivate the land.
Page 22 - ... villages, Ulfby, Melmerby, and Thorkillby, ru-e said to be derived from the names i >f three so7is of a Dane by whom the villages were built. Near Devocke Water the remains of aDauish village are shown : — • Another tradition refers to the origin of the breed of sheep called the Henlwick, which is peculiar to the mountains of the lake district. The particular characteristics of this breed are grey faces, absence of horns, diminutive size, and remarkable powers of endurance. The farmers of...
Page 78 - In thus referring to myself for the character of the mountain, he does not at all suppose that he is referring to the author of the etymology. On the contrary, the very next sentence says — 'I do not know who is the author of this etymology, which has been quoted by several writers; but it appears to me to be open to considerable doubt'; and this for two separate reasons, which he assigns, and which I will notice a little further on. Meantime I pause, for the sake of saying that the derivation...
Page 4 - O'Connell was more than half an Irishman ? Konall seems to have been a common name among the Norsemen ; there are six of that name mentioned in the Landndniabok or list of the original settlers in Iceland.
Page 51 - Scotland, as in Scandinavia, they are met with "mostly on hills, and near the firths or sea-coasts, whence there is an uninterrupted view of the sea. To the ancient Northman it was evidently an almost insufferable thought to be buried in a confined or remote corner, where nobody could see his grave or be reminded of his deeds. The greater chief a man was, the more did he desire that his ' barrow ' should lie high and unenclosed, so that it might be visible to all who travelled by land and by sea.
Page 9 - Scotland must have been imparted at an anterior period, and under different circumstances ; that a fusion of races had already taken place, and that the more purely Scandinavian colonists from Cumberland made some encroachments upon this territory, which was already settled. The whole Scandinavian tide-mark, so to speak, along the Scottish border, is that of a more recent immigration proceeding from Cumberland, or from the shore of the Solway. " In the same manner it may be shewn that the Scandinavian...
Page 150 - ... Coll. Sion. xviii. 6, and the Thornton MS. so often quoted in the following pages. Higden, writing about 1350, says " the whole speech of the Northumbrians, especially in Yorkshire, is so harsh and rude that we Southern men can hardly understand it ;" and Wallingford, who wrote long before, observes that " there is, and long has been, a great admixture of people of' Danish race in that province, and a great similarity of language.