Tropical Multiculturalism: A Comparative History of Race in Brazilian Cinema and Culture

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Duke University Press, 1997 - History - 409 pages
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Tropical Multiculturalism provides a major study of race in Brazilian culture through the most complete critical analysis of Brazilian cinema in any language. Focusing on representations of multicultural themes involving Euro- and Afro-Brazilians, other immigrants, and indigenous peoples in the rich tradition of the Brazilian fictional feature film, Robert Stam puts Brazilian culture at the centre of a wide-ranging analysis of race, representation, history, and film. Drawing parallels between the histories of colonialism, slavery, and immigration in Brazil and the United States, he also contends that questions of ethnic and racial representations are best viewed within the larger context of a comparative analysis of racially plural societies.
Stam examines the broad historical and cultural links that connect Brazil and the United States before considering multicultural imagery in Brazilian film as it has changed from the silent era to the present. His analysis moves through the comic chanchadas of the 1930s and 1940s, to the Hollywood-style films from Sao Paulo in the 1950s, and the diverse phases of Cinema Novo beginning in the 1960s. He explores a wealth of subjects, including the submerged "blackness" of Carmen Miranda, the antiracist agenda of Orson Welles's never-released Brazilian film It's All True, the international background behind Black Orpheus, the career of Grande Otelo - Brazil's greatest black film star, the allegorical "cannibalistic" films like How Tasty Was My Frenchman, and "indigenous media" - the attempt by Brazilian "indians" to use camcorders and VCRs for their own cultural and political purposes.
Simultaneously a history of Brazilian cinema from the standpoint of race, a history of Brazil itself through its cinematic representations, a comparative study of racial formations in Brazil and the United States, and a theorised analysis of racialised representations, Tropical Multiculturalism will be of great use to those involved in studies of race, the African diaspora, and Latin American culture and history, as well as those working in comparative film studies.
  

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Contents

The Aftershocks of Slavery
25
The Structuring Absences of Silent Cinema 18981929
59
Carmen Miranda Grande Otelo and the Chanchada 19291949
79
Orson Welles in Brazil 1942
107
Hollywood in the Tropics 19491954
133
From Rio 40 Graus to Black Orpheus 19541959
157
Intimations of Blackness 19601962
179
Afro Brazilian Religion and the Banian Renaissance 19621963
205
From AutoCritique to Anthropophagy 19641971
233
The 1970s
257
Cultural VictoriesPolitical Defeats
287
Copyright

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About the author (1997)

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Robert Stam is Professor of Cinema Studies at New York University. He is the author of Subversive Pleasures and coauthor of Unthinking Eurocentrism: Multiculturalism and the Media, and Brazilian Cinema.

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