Acid rain in the Adirondacks: an environmental history
Jerry C. Jenkins, Adirondack Lakes Survey Corporation, Wildlife Conservation Society (New York, N.Y.), United States. Environmental Protection Agency, New York (State). Dept. of Environmental Conservation, New York State Energy Research and Development Authority
Comstock Pub. Associates/Cornell University Press, 2007 - History - 246 pages
Acid rain has changed the face of the Adirondacks, created political tensions between the Northeast and the Midwest, and served as both a harbinger of global climate change and a "fire drill" for public- and private-sector responses to environmental crises. The history of acid rain research is a striking case in which a large-scale and long-term environmental problem was addressed in part through scientifically motivated changes in public policy. In the 1970s, acid rain was viewed as a simple problem that was limited in scope and characterized by "dead," fishless lakes. Scientists now have broader insights into the processes by which acid rain sets off a cascade of adverse effects in ecosystems as its components move through air, soil, vegetation, and surface waters. Written and designed to appeal to both scientists and lay readers, this book is a landmark example of scientific communication that provides a comprehensive scientific history of the phenomenon, from its discovery to the full understanding of the scope of its effects and the ultimate responses that have mitigated some of the damage to the region's lakes and forests.
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PRIMER AND GLOSSARY
ADIRONDACK RESEARCH BEGINS
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acid anions acid deposition acid episodes acid rain acidic lakes acidification Adirondack Lakes Survey Adirondack Mountains Adirondack Park ammonium amount anions aquatic Arbutus assimilated atmospheric acids base cations Big Moose biological biomass brook trout calcium cation depletion changes chemical Clean Air Act concentrations Copyright decay decreases deposition rates dioxide drainage lakes Driscoll dry deposition ecological ecosystem emissions Environmental estimated exported fish fluxes forest floor graph groundwater hectare Hubbard Brook Huntington Forest hydrogen ions ilwas increases inorganic aluminum inputs ion exchange lake acidification Lake watershed less liming Long-Term Monitoring measured mercury mercury deposition methylmercury mineral acids neutralize nitrate nitric nitrogen cycle nitrogen deposition nitrogen saturation organic acids organic matter oxidation peaks precipitation Program Redrawn with permission released rilwas samples sediments seepage lakes snowmelt species stored sulfate sulfate deposition sulfur surface water tion ueq/l water chemistry wet deposition wetlands Whiteface Mountain Woods Lake York