Trick Or Treason: The October Surprise Mystery
It is the most controversial mystery of the Reagan-Bush era: Did the Republican Party, desperate in 1980 to reclaim the White House, interfere with President Carter's frantic efforts to free the 52 American hostages held in Tehran and thwart an "October Surprise"? Was there a Republican-Iranian deal that bordered on treason? Or was this stunning allegation a bizarre trick played by a loose-knit band of arms brokers and intelligence operatives? For much of the 1980s, suspicions of Republican wrongdoing bubbled beneath the surface, only bursting into public view after the Iran-contra scandal exposed the secret policies and subterranean levels of Reagan-Bush operations. Almost ten years after the events, the Public Broadcasting System's Frontline documentary program asked award-winning investigative reporter Robert Parry to examine the accusations. Parry had been the first reporter to expose Oliver North's Iran-contra operations and had broken many of that scandal's chief stories. Over the next two and a half years, Parry pursued leads in a world-wide odyssey for an elusive - and sometimes dangerous - truth. From Washington to Tehran, from Paris to Jerusalem, from London to Tunis, it was a journey into a wilderness of mirrors where few could be trusted and nothing was as it seemed. The investigation was hampered, too, by a relentless assault from the White House and its powerful allies, who feared the story could destroy the legitimacy of 12 years of Republican rule. In the end, Parry the pursuer became Parry the pursued. But beyond the political mystery, this book lays bare an era during which deception evolved into a high art form and the nation's traditional constitutional safeguards were no match for the lies. And finally, it is up to you to judge: Was the October Surprise story a trick played on the media and the American public? Or was it treason committed at the highest levels of the U.S. political system, a historic perversion of American democracy?
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Allen American hostages Ari Ben-Menashe arms dealer asked Babayan Bani-Sadr Barcella Bill Casey Bohemian Grove Brenneke's Bush's called Casey's claimed congressional contacts Copeland Cyrus Hashemi Cyrus's deal deMarenches documentary documents Donald Gregg election Frontline Gary Sick George Bush going Gregg Haig hostage crisis Hotel House task force Ignatiew insisted interview investigation Iran Iran-contra scandal Iran's Iranian arms Islamic Israel Israeli Israeli government Israeli intelligence Jacobi Jamshid Jamshid Hashemi journalists July Karrubi Khomeini Kilian knew L'Enfant Plaza later Lavi Lavi's LeWinter London McFarlane Mehdi Karrubi Menashe Miles Copeland military Moss Mossad Naqashan Newsweek October Surprise allegations October Surprise mystery October Surprise story Omshei political President question Reagan campaign recalled records release Republican Richard Brenneke Robohm Rogovin Ronald Ross Saguy senior shah's Shaheen shipments Silberman Stoffberg Tabatabai talk Tehran told trip U.S. government wanted Washington weekend White House William Casey York