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TWO From Steppe to Empire
THREE The Golden Age of the Ottoman Empire
pour The Decline of Faith and State
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Abdiilhamid's Abdulhamid administrative Ahmed Anatolia Ankara Arab Armenians army Assembly Atatiirk Balkan became began bureaucrats Byzantine calif capital central century Christian coalition constitution continued cultural Cyprus decline Demirel Democratic deputies despite devshirme East eastern economic elections elite Europe European fiefs forces foreign French gazi grand vezir Greece Greek groups increased influence InOnii intervention Iran Islam Ismet Istanbul Janissaries Justice Party Kemal Kurdish Kurds later leaders Mahmud major Mehmed Midhat military minister mosque Motherland Party Murad Muslim nationalist non-Muslim officers organization Ottoman Empire Ozal palace Pasha People's Party percent period political popular population President provincial reform regime reign religious republic Republican People's Party revolution rule Russia schools secular Selim Seljuk Siileyman social sovereignty Straits sultan Tanzimat territory traditional treaty True Path Party Turkey Turkey's Turkic Turkish Cypriots ulema Union villages vote Welfare Party West western Young Turk
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