Youth, Pornography, and the Internet
Committee to Study Tools and Strategies for Protecting Kids from Pornography and Their Applicability to Other Inappropriate Internet Content, Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, National Research Council
National Academies Press, Jul 31, 2002 - Social Science - 437 pages
The Internet has changed the way we access the world. This is especially true for kids, who soak up new technologies like eager little sponges. They have access to an enormous array of material, including educational links, sports info, chat rooms and, unfortunately, pornography. But we must approach our need to protect children with care to avoid placing unnecessary restrictions on the many positive features of the Internet.
Youth, Pornography, and the Internet examines approaches to protecting children and teens from Internet pornography, threats from sexual predators operating on-line, and other inappropriate material on the Internet. The National Research Council s Computer Science and Telecommunications Board explores a number of fundamental questions: Who defines what is inappropriate material? Do we control Internet access by a 17-year-old in the same manner as for a 7-year-old? What is the role of technology and policy in solving such a problem in the context of family, community, and society?
The book discusses social and educational strategies, technological tools, and policy options for how to teach children to make safe and appropriate decisions about what they see and experience on the Internet. It includes lessons learned from case studies of community efforts to intervene in kids exposure to Internet porn.
Providing a foundation for informed debate, this very timely and relevant book will be a must-read for a variety of audiences.
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WHAT IS PORNOGRAPHY?
13 OTHER TYPES OF INAPPROPRIATE MATERIAL AND EXPERIENCES
14 A BROAD SPECTRUM OF OPINION AND VIEWS
15 FOCUS AND STRUCTURE OF THIS REPORT
212 The Nature of the Internet Medium and a Comparison to Other Media Types
213 Internet Access Devices
103 CONTEXTUAL ISSUES FOR SOCIAL AND EDUCATIONAL STRATEGIES
104 PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT AND SUPERVISION
105 PEER ASSISTANCE
106 ACCEPTABLE USE POLICIES
107 AFTERTHEFACT STRATEGIES
1082 Information and Media Literacy
1083 Collateral Issues
214 Connecting to the Internet
The Role of Addressing
216 Functionality of the Internet
217 Cost and Economics of the Internet
219 The Relative Newness of the Internet
22 TECHNOLOGIES OF INFORMATION RETRIEVAL
23 TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO ACCESS CONTROL AND POLICY ENFORCEMENT
232 Technologies for Authentication and Age Verification
233 Encryption and EndtoEnd Opacity
24 WHAT THE FUTURE MAY BRING
The Adult Online Entertainment Industry
31 THE STRUCTURE AND SCALE OF THE ONLINE ADULT ENTERTAINMENT INDUSTRY
32 THE GENERATION OF REVENUE
33 PRACTICES RELATED TO MINORS
34 WHAT THE FUTURE MAY HOLD
343 Future Products and Services
35 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE PRODUCT DIFFERENTIATION AND AGGRESSIVE PROMOTION
4 Legal and Regulatory Issues
412 The First Amendment Pornography and Obscenity
413 The First Amendment and Protecting Children from Exposure to Sexually Explicit Material
414 The First Amendment Rights of Minors
415 The First Amendment and Child Pornography
416 The First Amendment in Public Libraries
417 The First Amendment in Public Schools
418 The First Amendment and the Commercial Advertising of Sexually Explicit Material
422 Child Pornography Statutes
423 The Communications Decency Act
424 The Child Online Protection Act
425 The Childrens Internet Protection Act
426 The Childrens Online Privacy Protection Act
427 State Statutes
429 International Dimensions
Children Media and Exposure to Sexually Explicit Material
52 SEXUALITY IN CULTURE
53 THE ROLE OF MEDIA IN PROVIDING INFORMATION ON SEXUALITY TO YOUTH
54 DIMENSIONS OF EXPOSURE AND ACCESS TO THE INTERNET
542 Sources and Channels of Exposure
543 Extent of Exposure
55 INTERNET EXPOSURE TO SEXUALLY EXPLICIT MATERIAL SOLICITATIONS AND HARASSMENT
551 Deliberate Search for Sexually Explicit Material
553 Sexual Solicitations and Approaches
The Research Base on the Impact of Exposure to Sexually Explicit Material What Theory and Empirical Studies Offer
62 EMPIRICAL WORK
622 Sexually Violent Material
623 Exposure to Nonviolent Sexual Material
624 Caveats and Cautions
63 FACTORS AFFECTING THE IMPACT ON MINORS OF EXPOSURE TO SEXUALLY EXPLICIT MATERIAL
634 Special Needs
636 The Type of Sexually Explicit Material
Beyond the Science Perspectives on Impact and the Public Debate
72 SPECULATIONS AND OTHER PERSPECTIVES ON POSSIBLE IMPACT
73 RHETORICAL CONCERNS AND ISSUES OF PUBLIC DEBATE
74 JUDGMENTS IN THE ABSENCE OF A RELIABLE RESEARCH BASE
75 CONCLUDING OBSERVATIONS
Approaches to Protection from Inappropriate Material
812 In Practice
82 DIMENSIONS OF PROTECTION
83 THE TIME LINE OF PROTECTIVE ACTIONS
84 DIFFERING INSTITUTIONAL MISSIONS OF SCHOOLS AND LIBRARIES
85 THE POLITICS OF PROTECTION AND INAPPROPRIATE MATERIALWHO AND WHEN?
86 TECHNIQUES OF PROTECTION
87 APPROACHES TO PROTECTION
Legal and Regulatory Tools
92 CIVIL LIABILITY FOR PRESENTING OBSCENE MATERIAL ON THE INTERNET
931 Age Verification
932 Plain Brown Wrappers and Age Verification
933 Labeling of Material That Is Obscene for Minors
935 Prohibiting the Practice of Mousetrapping to Web Sites Containing Material That Is Obscene for Minors
94 ENFORCEMENT OF RECORDKEEPING REQUIREMENTS
95 STREAMLINING THE PROCESS OF HANDLING VIOLATIONS
96 SELFREGULATORY APPROACHES
97 GENERAL OBSERVATIONS
Social and Educational Strategies to Develop Personal and Community Responsibility
102 DEFINITION OF A SOCIAL OR EDUCATIONAL STRATEGY
109 COMPELLING AND SAFE CONTENT
1010 PUBLIC SERVICE ANNOUNCEMENTS AND MEDIA CAMPAIGNS
1011 FINDINGS AND OBSERVATIONS ABOUT SOCIAL AND EDUCATIONAL STRATEGIES
A Perspective on TechnologyBased Tools
112 CONTEXTUAL ISSUES FOR TECHNOLOGYBASED TOOLS
113 THE QUESTIONS TO BE ASKED OF EACH TOOL
12 TechnologyBased Tools for Users
1212 How Well Does Filtering Work?
1213 Who Decides What Is Inappropriate?
1214 How Flexible and Usable Is the Product?
1215 What Are the Costs of and the Infrastructure Required for Filtering?
1216 What Does the Future Hold for Filtering?
1217 What Are the Implications of Filtering Use?
1218 Findings on Filters
1221 What Is Monitoring?
1222 How Well Does Monitoring Work?
1223 Who Decides What Is Inappropriate?
1224 How Flexible and Usable Are Products for Monitoring?
1225 What Are the Costs and Infrastructure Required for Monitoring?
1226 What Does the Future Hold for Monitoring?
1227 What Are the Implications of Using Monitoring?
1228 Findings on Monitoring
123 TOOLS FOR CONTROLLING OR LIMITING SPAM
1231 What Are Technologies for Controlling Spam?
1232 How Well Do SpamControlling Technologies Work?
1233 Who Decides What Is Spam?
1236 What Does the Future Hold for SpamControlling Systems?
124 INSTANT HELP
1242 How Well Might Instant Help Work?
1245 What Are the Costs and Infrastructure Required for Instant Help?
1247 What Are the Implications of Using Instant Help?
TechnologyBased Tools Available to NonEnd Users
1312 How Well Would a xxx TopLevel Domain Work?
1313 Who Decides What Material Should Be Confined to xxx Web Sites?
1316 What Does the Future Hold for a xxx TopLevel Domain?
1317 What Are the Implications of Using a xxx TopLevel Domain?
132 A KIDS TOPLEVEL DOMAIN
1323 Who Decides What Material Should Be Allowed in kids Web Sites?
1325 What Are the Costs and Infrastructure Required for a kids TopLevel Domain?
1328 Findings on a kids TopLevel Domain
1331 What Are Age Verification Technologies?
1332 How Well Do Age Verification Technologies Work?
1333 Who Decides What Is Inappropriate?
1334 How Flexible and Usable Are Products for Verifying Age?
1336 What Does the Future Hold For Age Verification Systems?
1337 What Are the Implications of Using Age Verification Systems?
1338 Findings on Age Verification Technologies
134 TOOLS FOR PROTECTING INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
1343 Who Decides What Is Inappropriate?
1344 How Flexible and Usable Are Products for Protecting Intellectual Property?
1347 What Are the Implications of Tools for Protecting Intellectual Property?
Findings Conclusions and Future Needs
1412 Developmental Dimensions
1413 Legal Dimensions
1414 Technical Dimensions
1415 Economic Dimensions
142 ON THE IMPACT ON CHILDREN OF EXPOSURE TO SEXUALLY EXPLICIT MATERIAL AND EXPERIENCES
143 ON APPROACHES TO PROTECTION
144 TRADEOFFS AND COMPLEXITY
1441 Social and Educational Tradeoffs
1442 Technology Tradeoffs
1443 Public Policy Tradeoffs
145 TAKEAWAY MESSAGES FOR DIFFERENT PARTIES
1452 Teachers and Librarians
1454 Makers of Public Policy
146 RESEARCH NEEDS
InformationGathering Sessions of the Committee
Glossary and Acronyms
Selected Technology Issues
Site Visit Synthesis
CSTB Publication: Youth, Pornography, and the Internet
A report from the National Research Council which discusses various social and educational issues of Internet control
www7.nationalacademies.org/ CSTB/ pub_pornography.html
Executive Summary | YOUTH, PORNOGRAPHY, AND THE INTERNET | Dick ...
Dick Thornburgh and Herbert S. Lin, Editors. Committee to Study Tools and Strategies for Protecting Kids from Pornography and Their Applicability to Other ...
www.nap.edu/ html/ youth_internet/ es.html
bob.nap.edu Youth, Pornography, and the Internet Dick Thornburgh ...
Youth, Pornography, and the Internet Dick Thornburgh and Herbert S. Lin, Editors Committee bookmark discussion and review ...
www.startaid.com/ review/ 1608088/ Youth-Pornography-and-the-Internet--Dick-Thornburgh-and-Herbert-S--Lin-Editors--Comm...
Issues in Science and Technology: Youth, Pornography, and the Internet
Youth, Pornography, and the Internet. Thornburgh, Dick. The Internet is both a source of promise for our children and a source of concern. ...
findarticles.com/ p/ articles/ mi_qa3622/ is_200401/ ai_n9371109/ print
Youth, Pornography, and the Internet (Thornburgh, Dick and Lin ...
Youth, Pornography, and the Internet (Thornburgh, Dick and Lin, Herbert S) -- Bibliography (issues) Online by the Union of International Associations (UIA), ...
www.diversitas.org/ db/ x.php?dbcode=re&
Focus on the Family's Issue Analysis: Pornography
18Thornburgh and Lin, Youth, Pornography and the Internet, p. 3-6. 19Thornburgh and Lin, Youth, Pornography and the Internet, p. 3-6. ...
www.citizenlink.org/ FOSI/ pornography/ A000001625.cfm
Internet Pornography - Research and Read Books, Journals, Articles ...
Youth, Pornography, and the Internet: Although Technology and Public Policy Can Help, Social and Educational Strategies Are the Key to Protecting Children, ...
www.questia.com/ library/ communication/ internet-pornography.jsp
Internet Safety News
The United States (us) National Research Council study released this month titled Youth, Pornography, and the Internet1 confirms what many parents already ...
www.netsmartz.org/ news/ May02-8.htm
Computer Law & Security Report : Book Reviews - Published by Elsevier
The Art of Deception; Youth Pornography and the Internet; Cyber Policy and Economics in an Internet Age; Preservation of the Integrity of Electronic Records ...
linkinghub.elsevier.com/ retrieve/ pii/ S0267364903004138
Bibliothèque du CCP
Youth, Pornography and the Internet / Thornburgh, Dick; Lin, Herbert S., eds.; Committee to Study Tools and Strategies for Protecting Kids from Pornography ...
www.cpc.gc.ca/ library/ topic_ice_f.htm