Biblical Peoples and Ethnicity: An Archaeological Study of Egyptians, Canaanites, Philistines, and Early Israel, 1300–1100 B.C.E.
Ancient Israel did not emerge within a vacuum but rather came to exist alongside various peoples, including Canaanites, Egyptians, and Philistines. Indeed, Israel’s very proximity to these groups has made it difficult—until now—to distinguish the archaeological traces of early Israel and other contemporary groups. Through an analysis of the results from recent excavations in light of relevant historical and later biblical texts, this book proposes that it is possible to identify these peoples and trace culturally or ethnically defined boundaries in the archaeological record. Features of late second-millennium B.C.E. culture are critically examined in their historical and biblical contexts in order to define the complex social boundaries of the early Iron Age and reconstruct the diverse material world of these four peoples. Of particular value to scholars, archaeologists, and historians, this volume will also be a standard reference and resource for students and other readers interested in the emergence of early Israel.
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Aegean Aegean-style Anatolia ancient appearance archaeological evidence Ashdod assemblages Beth-shean Beth-shean Levels biblical bowl Bunimovitz burials Canaan Canaanite Canaanite Pottery Form centers central hill country ceramic cultic Cyprus Deir el-Balah Dever Dothan Dothan and Zukerman early Iron early Israel eastern Mediterranean economic Egypt Egyptian Egyptian-Style Pottery ethnicity ethnogenesis excavated Finkelstein 1988 groups Hazor highland historical Hittite Holthoer IIIC Iron Age Iron I period Israelite James and McGovern Karageorghis Killebrew 1999a kraters Lachish Late Bronze Age Late Cypriot Late Helladic IIIC Levant locally produced material culture Mazar Medinet Habu Megiddo Miqne-Ekron Mycenaean Mycenaean IIIC:1b pottery Na)aman Oren palace Philistine pithoi political pottery Ramesses Ramesses III recent regarding region settlement patterns Sherratt social boundaries storage jars Strata Stratum Stratum VII structures studies suggests Tell el-Far(ah temple texts textual theory thirteenth century B.C.E. Tomb twelfth centuries B.C.E. Type Ugarit vessels wares Yadin Zertal