Lexical Plurals : A Morphosemantic Approach: A Morphosemantic Approach (Google eBook)
This book explores the wide variety of cases in which the plural of nouns is lexical. When a plural is lexicalized it becomes part of what it is to know a certain word: pence, for example, is lexical because it means a plurality of a certain kind - a multiple value, not a set of physical objects like pennies - and knowing this reading is knowing the word. Languages exhibit countless examples of similar word-dependent irregularities in the form and meaning of plural, but these have never been analyzed in depth from a unified perspective. Dr Acquaviva aims to do just that, using analytic tools from formal semantics and theoretical morphology to shed light on the relation between grammar and the lexicon. After an introduction setting out his approach he divides the book into two parts. The first gives a structured description of the ways plurality can be lexicalized with an emphasis on description and categorization. The second analyzes in depth different types of lexical plurals in Italian, Irish, Arabic and Breton. A final chapter spells out the theoretical consequences for the analysis of the lexicon. The book is unusual in combining a broad typological classification with a unified morphological and semantic analysis based on a formal framework.
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ablaut abstract adjectives alternants animacy Arabic atoms aVects base braccia Breton broken plurals Chapter classiWer cohesion collective context contrast Corbett count nouns countability denotation derivation deWned deWnition dialects distinct diVerent diVerentiation double plural dual eggs encoded entities eVect example exponents express fact feminine formal function gender Gloss identity identiWed individual inherently plural instance instantiation interpretation inXectional number inXectional plurals Irish counting plurals irregular Italian lack languages lexeme lexical item lexical plurals lexical semantics lexically restricted linguistic masculine mass nouns mass plurals meaning morpheme morphological morphological class morphosyntactic neuter nominal non-inXectional notion noun class number value Ojeda pairs pattern paucal plural doublets plural ending plural form plural nouns plural suYx pluralia tantum preWx pronouns properties reading reference domain regular plural relation reXect Section sense signiWcant singular and plural Singular Plural singulative speciWc Steve Hewitt structure suppletive suYx syntactic Tre´pos unit nouns unity verbs Wngers word Wrst Wxed