Ghost of war: the sinking of the Awa maru and Japanese-American relations, 1945-1995
Here for the first time is the full story of America's greatest error in the submarine war against Japan and the effect it has had on Japanese-American relations ever since. On the night of 1 April 1945, the USS Queenfish sank the Awa maru, sending more than two thousand men, women, and children to their deaths. The attack occurred despite the United States's guarantee of safe passage to the ship as a carrier of food and medicine to American and Allied prisoners of war. Washington promised to indemnify Tokyo for destroying the passenger-cargo vessel, yet not one penny was paid to the Japanese after the war, and Americans soon forgot about the tragedy. For the Japanese, however, it became a symbol of their victimization in and recovery from the Pacific war. Fluent in Japanese, Roger Dingman draws on extensive archival sources and interviews in Japan and America to tell why this error occurred, what the U.S. Navy and the two governments did to put the disaster behind them, and how radically different American and Japanese public memories of the Pacific war emerged from it. He shows how competition between American and Japanese would-be salvagers of the ship and the treasure it allegedly carried led to the perpetuation of contradictory and flawed understandings of the war.
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Relief to the Prisoners
Mission of Mercy
The Queenfish Gets Her Kill
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Admiral Lockwood agreement American submariners April Arima Asahi shimbun Ashida attack Awa maru Bereaved Awa maru claims Awa maru file Awa maru story Bennett interview Bunton Captain Chihaya China Chinese Commander Loughlin court-martial crew December defense Diet diplomats Elliott Loughlin enemy February foreign minister Fukumitsu Funada hereinafter be cited Ibid Imperial Japanese Army Imperial Japanese Navy International January Japan Japanese-American July later Lockwood papers MacArthur Mainichi shimbun March maru Bereaved Families maru's Matsui ment Ministry National Naval Institute oral Nimitz November October officer biography Pacific submarine patrol Pearl Harbor political postwar POWs Prime Minister prisoners and internees public memory QFWPR Queenfish Red Cross relief supplies safe passage salvage the Awa Sasakawa SCAP Shimoda ship ship's sinking skipper Soviet SRDJ Standley sunk Taiwan Strait Tokyo torpedoes U.S. Naval U.S. Naval Academy U.S. Navy United vessel victims Washington Yomiuri shimbun York Yoshida Yoshida Shigeru Zojoji