The Olive Tree and Its Products: And the Suitability of the Soil and Climate of California for Its Extensive and Profitable Cultivation (Google eBook)

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Dewey & Company, 1881 - Olive - 15 pages
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Page 5 - ... editions of his famous work on fruit, recognizes the great value of the olive, and says : " In the south of Europe it is more valuable than bread, as, to say nothing of its wholescmeness, it enters into every kind of cookery, and renders so large a quantity of vegetable food fit for use. A few olive trees serve for the support of an entire family, who would starve on what otherwise could be raised...
Page 5 - it delights in a stony soil, and thrives even on the sides and tops of rocky hills where there is scarcely any earth ; hence the expression in the Bible, "oil out of the flinty rock.
Page 5 - ... variety of soil, but it shuns a redundancy of moisture, and prefers loose calcareous fertile lands mingled with stones, such as the territory of Attica and the south of France. The quality of its fruit is essentially affected by that of the soil. It succeeds in good loam capable of bearing wheat, but in fat lands it yields oil of an inferior flavor, and becomes laden with a barren exuberance of leaves and branches. The temperature of the climate is a consideration of more importance than the...
Page 15 - Hieronomites were said to produce, viz: from three to four fanegas of olives each tree, ezchfanega yielding an arroba of oil. An English acre will contain sixty trees twenty-seven feet apart, and sixty was said by the peasant to be the number on each aranzada. One hundred and fifty-three acres, bearing sixty trees each, will contain nine thousand one hundred and eighty trees, and the produce being three thousand arrobas, it is scarcely onethird of an arroba for each tree. This comes nearer to Don...
Page 9 - ... considered advantageous to put down a spadeful of sea sand obtained from near low-water mark." GATHERING FRUIT. In gathering the olives when quite ripe (in October or November in this State), the Portuguese spread tarpaulins, canvas, etc., around the root of the tree, and then thresh off the berries with long light sticks. This seems to do the tree no harm. In South Australia they are generally gathered by children. CONSUMPTION OF OLIVE OIL. During the year ending June 30, 1877, there were imported...
Page 14 - The olive having been mentioned, we were shown two trees which supported a wheel for drawing water from the well. Two posts having been required for this purpose when they were clearing the ground of some olive trees three years ago, they took two of the trunks of these, which were respectively ten or twelve inches in diameter; they nevertheless took root, and are now covered with strong branches, affording a proof of the great facility with which the olive takes root. The vinador said that an olive...
Page 13 - Sera in his miss1onary efforts 'to extend the spiritual conquest of the North.' Fifty years later it is recorded 'that all the seeds that Galvez had been so provident in sending up took root and prospered. The fathers built new missions, and continually replenished their stock of converts, which, at one time, were about twenty thousand. They planted vineyards, orchards, and the olive.' From San Diego the tree was transplanted to nearly all the other missions, and from these missions to various places...
Page 14 - August, the olives always suffer from it. All the ground we saw was a light sandy loam. It is plowed once a year. They plow an aranzada of the olive ground in a day, but not more than half that quantity of the meadow or corn land below. There are five kinds of olives on the estate ; one of them, the 'La Reyna,' is of a very large size, and is pickled for eating.
Page 15 - Two hundred aranzadas are equal to one hundred and ninety-one English acres; and three thousand arrobas of oil (the average annual produce) are equal to twelve thousand seven hundred and thirty -five English gallons, old measure about sixty-three and three-quarter gallons per English acre. I do not know, however, whether there was not included in this estimate forty aranzadas that are entirely planted with the 'La Reyna,' which are never pressed for oil.
Page 6 - Another fact worthy of notice which has been suspected, but for the proof of which the data has not before been attainable, is that the zone in the Sierra, known as the foot-hills, is as warm for the year, and as warm for the coldest month, as the Sacramento Valley in the same latitudes. This warm belt certainly extends to an elevation of 2,500 feet, Colfax, with an elevation of 2,421 feet, has a mean for the year of...

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