Unconventional approaches to nanostructures with applications in electronics, photonics, information storage and sensing: symposium held April 21-25, 2003, San Francisco, California, U.S.A.

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Materials Research Society, 2003 - Computers - 284 pages
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Nanostructures (or structures with at least one dimension between 1 and 100nm) have attracted steadily growing interest due to their peculiar, fascinating properties and unique applications relative to the bulk materials. Many interesting new phenomena are associated with nanometer-sized dimensions. Well-established examples include quantized excitation or emission, Coulomb blockade, single-electron tunneling, metal-insulator transition, and superparamagnetism. By using these nanostructures as functional components, various prototypes of devices have been successfully fabricated recently, with notable examples including quantum-dot lasers and single-electron transistors. The ability to generate these small structures is central to the advance of many areas in modern science and technology (e.g., electronics, photonics, and information storage). Although some nano-structures can be generated using advanced nanolithographic techniques (e.g., e-beam writing), the development of these methods intopractical routes to large numbers of nanostructures, rapidly and at low cost, still requires great ingenuity. Chemical methods and self assembly seem to provide a more promising strategy for the formation of nanostructures in terms of cost, throughput, and potential for large-scale production. The papers in this volume cover research ranging from the fundamental chemistry and physics of nanostructures, to their interactions with light and electricity, to application in novel devices and technologies.

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Red ShiftedPhotoluminescence of Ensembles of GaN NanoCrystallites
Optical Properties and Local Structure of CuII Dopant in ZnSe

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