New Worlds, New Lives: Globalization and People of Japanese Descent in the Americas and from Latin America in Japan

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Lane Ryo Hirabayashi, Akemi Kikumura-Yano, James A. Hirabayashi
Stanford University Press, 2002 - Political Science - 358 pages
2 Reviews
This ambitious work confronts the complex question of who and what is a Nikkei, that is, a person of Japanese descent, by studying their communities in seven countries in the Americas: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Paraguay, Peru, and the United States. It also considers the special case of the many Latin American Nikkei who have returned to Japan in recent decades to seek employment.

The contributors draw upon a range of disciplines to present a multifaceted portrait of people of Japanese descent in the Americas, the destination of 90 percent of Japanese emigrants. Thus, for example, the reader is able to view the Peruvian Japanese experience through the eyes of an anthropologist, a demographer/historian, and a journalist—all of whom are Peruvians of Japanese descent.

Among the main questions explored in New Worlds, New Lives are: What is the historical background and current status of Nikkei society in a given country? Are there any common attributes the Nikkei share across the Americas, especially in terms of social institutions, the family, the position of women, religion, education, politics, and economics? What are the significant differences between the Nikkei populations in the various countries and why have these differences developed? What are the future prospects of Nikkei communities in the Americas?

  

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Contents

The Impact of Globalization on Nikkei Identities
1
The Impact of Contemporary Globalization on Nikkei Identities
19
Nikkei and the Struggle over
37
Relief Materials
59
The Twain Shall Meet in the Nisei? Japanese Language
108
A Sociopolitical Portrait
141
Comparative Perspectives on
159
Disjunctions of Nikkei Identities
179
Race Gender Ethnicity and the Narrative of National Identity
221
An Economic
237
The Dekasegi Phenomenon and the Education of Japanese
249
The Emigration of Argentines of Japanese Descent to Japan
261
The Nikkei Negotiation of MinorityIMajority Dynamics in Peru
279
The Uchinanchu Diaspora and the Boundary of Nikkei
296
Retrospect and Prospects
333
Index
351

Femininity and Masculinity in the Japanese Community of Peru
187
Recent Japanese
205

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About the author (2002)

Lane Ryo Hirabayashi is Professor of Ethnic Studies and a member of the graduate faculty of the Department of Anthropology at the University of Colorado, Boulder. Akemi Kikumura-Yano is Director of Research and International Relations at the Japanese American National Museum, Los Angeles. James A. Hirabayashi is Chief Program Advisor at the Japanese American National Museum.

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