A History of Language Philosophies
Theory and history combine in this book to form a coherent narrative of the debates on language and languages in the Western world, from ancient classic philosophy to the present, with a final glance at on-going discussions on language as a cognitive tool, on its bodily roots and philogenetic role.
An introductory chapter reviews the epistemological areas that converge into, or contribute to, language philosophy, and discusses their methods, relations, and goals. In this context, the status of language philosophy is discussed in its relation to the sciences and the arts of language. Each chapter is followed by a list of suggested readings that refer the reader to the final bibliography.
About the author: Lia Formigari, Professor Emeritus at University of Rome, La Sapienza. Her publications include: Language and Experience in XVIIth-century British Philosophy. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: J. Benjamins, 1988; Signs, Science and Politics. Philosophies of Language in Europe 1700 1830. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: J. Benjamins, 1993; La sémiotique empiriste face au kantisme. Liège: Mardaga, 1994.
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1 A map of the area
2 Language thought and reality
3 A natural history of speech
4 Philosophy of language from Boethius to Locke
5 Language and philosophy from the Renaissance to the Enlightenment
6 Languages peoples and nations
7 Language and philosophy at the turn of the 19th century
19th century abstract according analogy analysis analytical analytical philosophy animals Aristotle Aristotle’s articulated aspects behavior Boethius Chomsky Chomsky’s classic cognitive communication concepts Condillac correspondence Cratylus debate dialectics Diogenes Laertius discourse distinction empirical essay essence example existence explain expression function gestures grammar grammarians Greek Humboldt ibid idea individual inflectional interpretation Koerner Latin learning Leibniz Libera linguistic Locke’s logic meaning mental metaphor mind modes of signifying names natural languages Neogrammarians Neoplatonic notion nouns objects organization origin of language philology philosophy of language position practice principle procedures processes produced propositions psychological question refer relation representations rhetoric Roger Bacon Rosier Sanskrit Schlegel semantic semiotics sense sentences Sextus signs sound speak speakers specific speculative grammar speech Stoics structure study of language symbols syntactic texts theory of language things Thomas of Erfurt thought tion tradition translation universal universal grammar usage uttered verbal verbs voice Wittgenstein words