Context, Cognition, and Deafness

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M. Diane Clark, Marc Marschark, Michael A. Karchmer
Gallaudet University Press, 2001 - Education - 206 pages
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In past studies of the effect of environment and social settings upon the cognitive development of deaf children, results frequently were confounded by conflicting conclusions related to the participants' varying degrees of hearing loss. Context, Cognition, and Deafness: An Introduction takes an interdisciplinary approach that clarifies these disparate findings by analyzing many methodologies. Editors M. Diane Clark, Marc Marschark, and Michael Karchmer, widely respected scholars in their own right, have assembled work by a varying cast of renowned researchers to elucidate the effects of family, peers, and schools on deaf children.

To integrate the often contrasting approaches of clinical and cultural researchers, this sharply focused volume has called upon experts in anthropology, psychology, linguistics, basic visual sensory processes, education, cognition, and neurophysiology to share complementary observations. One of William C. Stokoe's last contributions, "Deafness, Cognition, and Language" leads fluidly into Jeffery P. Braden's analysis of clinical assessments of deaf people's cognitive abilities. Margaret Wilson expands on the impact of sign language expertise on visual perception.

Context, Cognition, and Deafness also shows that theory can intersect practice, as displayed by editor Marschark and Jennifer Lukomski in their research on literacy, cognition, and education. Amy R. Lederberg and Patricia E. Spencer have combined sequential designs in their study of vocabulary learning. Ethan Remmel, Jeffrey Bettgen, and Amy Weinberg explore the theory of mind development. The emotional development of deaf children also receives detailed consideration by Colin D. Gray, Judith A.Hosie, Phil A. Russell, and Ellen Ormel. Kathryn P. Meadow-Orlans delineates her perspective on the coming of age of deaf children in relation to their education and development. Marschark concludes with insightful impressions on the future of theory and application, an appropriate close to this exceptional, coherent volume.

  

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Contents

The Clinical Assessment of Deaf Peoples Cognitive Abilities
14
The Impact of Sign Language Expertise on Visual Perception
38
Understanding Language and Learning in Deaf Children
71
Vocabulary Development of Deaf and Hard of Hearing
88
Theory of Mind Development in Deaf Children
113
Facial Expressions
135
Planning the Research
179
Copyright

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About the author (2001)

Marc Marschark is a Professor and Director of the Center for Education Research Partnerships at the National Technical Institute for the Deaf, a college of Rochester Institute of Technology, and a Professor in the School of Psychology at the University of Aberdeen, Scotland. His books include
Psychological Development of Deaf Children (1993), Educating Deaf Students: From Research to Practice, with H. Lang and J. Albertini (2002), Sign Language Interpreting and Interpreter Education, with R. Peterson and E. Winston (2005), Advances in the Spoken Language
Development of Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Children, with P. E. Spencer (2006), and Advances in the Sign Language Development of Deaf Children, with B. Schick and P. E. Spencer (2006). Marschark is also Editor of the Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, published by Oxford
University Press.

Michael A. Karchmer is Professor in the Department of Educational Foundations and Research and Director of the Gallaudet Research Institute at Gallaudet University.

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