Totalitarianism and Political Religions

Front Cover
Hans Maier
Psychology Press, 2004 - Political Science - 424 pages
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We are used to distinguishing the despotic regimes of the 20th century - communism, fascism, National Socialism, Maoism - very precisely according to place and time, origins and influences. But what should we call that which they have in common? On this question, there has been and is still a passionate debate.

This book documents the first international conference on this theme, a conference that took place in September of 1994 at the University of Munich. The book shows how new models for understanding political history arose from the experience of modern despotic regimes. Here, the most important concepts - totalitarianism and political religions - are discussed and tested in terms of their usefulness.
  

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Contents

Totalitarianism
3
Luigi Sturzo as a theorist of totalitarianism
22
Discussion of the papers of Petersen and Schafer
32
Waldemar Gurian and the development of the concept
42
Reflections on Russian totalitarianism
56
the state of
72
The religious use of politics andor the political
107
experience of political events
140
PART III
197
Despotism ersatz religion religious ersatz
224
The conceptions of totalitarianism of Raymond
228
George Orwells
247
Totalitarianism as a twentiethcentury phenomenon
293
National Socialism Fascism and authoritarian regimes
312
Religious and ecclesiastical structures in Communism
335
historicalmetaphysical
351

The concept ofpolitical religions in the thought
158
The modern despotic regime and literature
176

Common terms and phrases

About the author (2004)

Hans Maier, born on June 18, 1931 in Freiburg in Breisgau, is Emeritus Professor for Political Science and the Theory of Religion at the University of Munich. He was the Bavarian Minister of Culture and Science from 1970 to 1986 and President of the Central Committee of German Catholics from 1976 to 1986. Major publications include Revolution und Kirche (1959), in English, Revolution and Church: The Early History of Christian Democracy, 1789-1901 (London: University of Notre Dame Press, 1969). Also Die altere deutsch Staats- und Verwaltungslehre (1966), Die christliche Zeitrechnung (1991), Politische Religionen (1995) and Welt ohne Christentum - was ware anders? (1999).