Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides (Google eBook)

Front Cover
Elsevier, Jul 28, 2011 - Science - 538 pages
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The purpose of this book is to present a state of art summary of current knowledge of methods of assessment of radionuclides in the terrestrial and marine environments. It cover the traditional methods of radioactivity measurements such as radiometrics techniques, but also recent developments in the mass spectrometry sector. The book starts with a short preface introducing the subject of the book, summarising content and philosophy of the book, as well as the most important historical achievements. The scientific topics are introduced by description of sampling methods, optimisation of sampling sites and sampling frequency. The recent developments in radiochemical separation methods using chromatography resins for the treatment of actinides, transuranics and other groups of radioelements are also described. No other book is available covering all aspects of environmental radioactivity measurements, although remarkable progress has been made in detection techniques over the last ten years. At present the new methods enable to carry out investigations which were not possible before, either because of lack of sensitivity or because of the fact that they required too large samples.
  

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Contents

Foreword
1
Chapter 1 Statistical sampling design for radionuclides
3
Chapter 2 Sampling techniques
17
Chapter 3 Detection and quantification capabilities in nuclear analytical measurements
49
Chapter 4 Radiometric determination of anthropogenic radionuclides in seawater
137
Chapter 5 Monte Carlo simulation of background characteristics of gammaray spectrometersa comparison with experiment
163
Chapter 6 Underground laboratories for lowlevel radioactivity measurements
209
Chapter 7 Accelerator mass spectrometry of longlived light radionuclides
241
Chapter 9 Analysis of radionuclides using ICPMS
295
Chapter 10 Resonance ionization mass spectrometry for trace analysis of longlived radionuclides
331
A new challenge for modern analytical instrumental techniques in support of radioecology
355
Chapter 12 Activation analysis for the determination of longlived radionuclides
371
Chapter 13 In situ and airborne gammaray spectrometry
407
Chapter 14 Underwater gammaray spectrometry
449
Author Index
481
Subject Index
525

Chapter 8 Accelerator mass spectrometry of longlived heavy radionuclides
263

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About the author (2011)

Prof. Dr. Pavel P. Povinec is professor at the Comenius University in Bratislava (Slovakia) where he spent most of his carrier, also as a vice-dean of the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, as well as Head of the Department of Nuclear Physics. From 1993 to 2005 he led Radiometrics Laboratory of the International Atomic Energy Agency’s Marine Environment Laboratories in Monaco. He has been engaged in low radioactivity studies and development of low-level counting methods. The main topics included environmental radioactivity and radioecology, isotope hydrology and oceanography, but also investigations of rare nuclear processes and decays. He contributed to better understanding of radiocarbon variations in the atmosphere and biosphere. In high sensitivity radioactivity measurements his main contribution was in the development of underground facilities and in situ underwater gamma-spectrometry of radionuclides in the aquatic environment. He published over 250 papers in recognized scientific journals, having over 2500 citations. Recently he published 11 papers on the Fukushima radioactivity assessment, and edited a special issue of the Journal of Environmental Radioactivity on this topic. He has been often invited to give talks at international conferences on radionuclides as tracers of environmental processes, and acting as a member of international advisory scientific committees. He also spent several months as a visiting professor at foreign universities. He led several international projects on marine radioactivity. He also led the Bratislava group in many international projects in physics. He organized six international conferences, several seminars, workshops and training courses. He published four books and 12 monographs. He edited 12 conference proceedings, 11 special issues of scientific journals. He is editor, co-editor and board member of six scientific journals. His professional activities included international and national societies (Board of the European Physical Society, IUPAP and IUPAC committees, etc.). He received several foreign and national awards. He was a member of the IAEA team which won the 2005 Nobel Peace Prize.

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