Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides (Google eBook)

Front Cover
Elsevier, Jul 28, 2011 - Science - 538 pages
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The purpose of this book is to present a state of art summary of current knowledge of methods of assessment of radionuclides in the terrestrial and marine environments. It cover the traditional methods of radioactivity measurements such as radiometrics techniques, but also recent developments in the mass spectrometry sector. The book starts with a short preface introducing the subject of the book, summarising content and philosophy of the book, as well as the most important historical achievements. The scientific topics are introduced by description of sampling methods, optimisation of sampling sites and sampling frequency. The recent developments in radiochemical separation methods using chromatography resins for the treatment of actinides, transuranics and other groups of radioelements are also described. No other book is available covering all aspects of environmental radioactivity measurements, although remarkable progress has been made in detection techniques over the last ten years. At present the new methods enable to carry out investigations which were not possible before, either because of lack of sensitivity or because of the fact that they required too large samples.
  

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Contents

Foreword
1
Chapter 1 Statistical sampling design for radionuclides
3
Chapter 2 Sampling techniques
17
Chapter 3 Detection and quantification capabilities in nuclear analytical measurements
49
Chapter 4 Radiometric determination of anthropogenic radionuclides in seawater
137
Chapter 5 Monte Carlo simulation of background characteristics of gammaray spectrometersa comparison with experiment
163
Chapter 6 Underground laboratories for lowlevel radioactivity measurements
209
Chapter 7 Accelerator mass spectrometry of longlived light radionuclides
241
Chapter 9 Analysis of radionuclides using ICPMS
295
Chapter 10 Resonance ionization mass spectrometry for trace analysis of longlived radionuclides
331
A new challenge for modern analytical instrumental techniques in support of radioecology
355
Chapter 12 Activation analysis for the determination of longlived radionuclides
371
Chapter 13 In situ and airborne gammaray spectrometry
407
Chapter 14 Underwater gammaray spectrometry
449
Author Index
481
Subject Index
525

Chapter 8 Accelerator mass spectrometry of longlived heavy radionuclides
263

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