Blood, Sweat and Tears - The Changing Concepts of Physiology from Antiquity Into Early Modern Europe

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Manfred Horstmanshoff, Helen King, Claus Zittel
BRILL, Jun 22, 2012 - History - 772 pages
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body, physiology, humours, medical history, early modern, technology, change, continuity, metaphor
  

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Contents

Introduction
1
Concepts Metaphors Analogies
25
Physiologia from Galen to Jacob Bording
27
Physiological Analogies and Metaphors in Explanations of the Earth and the Cosmos
41
The Reception of the Hippocratic Treatise On Glands
65
Between Atoms and Humours Lucretius Didactic Poetry as a Model of Integrated and Bifocal Physiology
83
Losing Ground The Disappearance of Attraction from the Kidneys
103
The Art of the Distillation of Spirits as a Technological Model for Human Physiology The Cases of Marsilio Ficino Joseph Duchesne and Francis Bac...
139
11 Some Considerations on Blood as the Source of Life in SixteenthCentury Religion and Medicine and their Interconnections
415
White Blood and Red Milk Analogical Reasoning in Medical Practice and Experimental Physiology 15601730
443
Part Three Sweat and Skin
479
The Body without Skin in the Homeric Poems
481
Sweat Learned Concepts and Popular Perceptions 15001800
503
Of the Fishermans Net and Skin PoresReframing Conceptions of the Skin in Medicine 15721714
523
Part Four Tears and Sight
549
Vision and Vision Disorders Galens Physiology of Sight
551

The Body is a Battlefield Conflict and Control in SeventeenthCentury Physiology and Political Thought
171
Herman Boerhaaves Neurology and the Unchanging Nature of Physiology
195
The Anatomy and Physiology of Mind David Humes Vitalistic Account
217
More than a Fading Flame The Physiology of Old Age between Speculative Analogy and Experimental Method
241
Suffering Bodies Sensible Artists Vitalist Medicine and the Visualising of Corporeal Life in Diderot
267
Part Two Blood
293
Blood Clotting and the Four Humours
295
An Issue of Blood The Healing of the Woman with the Haemorrhage Mark 524b34 Luke 842b48 Matthew 91922 in Early Medieval Visual Culture
307
The Nature of the Soul and the Passage of Blood through the Lungs Galen Ibn alNafīs Servetus İtakİ Attār
339
Sperm and Blood Form and Food Late Medieval Medical Notions of Male and Female in the Embryology of Membra
363
The Music of the Pulse in Marsilio Ficinos Timaeus Commentary
393
Early Modern Medical Thinking on Vision and the Camera Obscura VF Plempiuss Ophthalmographia
569
The Tertium Comparationis of the Elementa Physiologiae Johann Gottfried von Herders Conception of Tears as Mediators between the Sublime and...
595
Part Five Body and Soul
627
From Doubt to Certainty Aspects of the Conceptualisation and Interpretation of Galens Natural Pneuma
629
Metabolisms of the Soul The Physiology of Bernardino Telesio in Oliva Sabucos Nueva Filosofía de la Naturaleza del Hombre 1587
661
Full of Rapture Maternal Vocality and Melancholy in Websters Duchess of Malfi
685
The Sleeping Musician Aristotles Vegetative Soul and Ralph Cudworths Plastic Nature
713
Index Locorum
751
Index Generalis
760
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About the author (2012)

Manfred (H.F.J.) Horstmanshoff was Professor of Ancient Medicine at Leiden from 2006-11, having taught Ancient History there since 1976. He is currently a Fellow of the Internationales Kolleg Morphomata, University of Cologne, studying the history of the patient from a comparative perspective. His publications include the co-editorship (with P.J. van der Eijk and P.H Schrijvers) of Ancient Medicine in its Socio-Cultural Context (Amsterdam: Clio Medica, 1995) and editorship of the selected papers of the XIIth Colloquium Hippocraticum as Hippocrates and Medical Education (Leiden: Brill, 2010). Helen King, formerly Professor of the History of Classical Medicine at the University of Reading, is currently Professor of Classical Studies at The Open University, Milton Keynes. She works on ancient medicine and its reception until the nineteenth century, particularly on gynaecology and midwifery. Her publications include The Disease of Virgins (London: Routledge, 2003) and Midwifery, Obstetrics and the Rise of Gynaecology (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007). Claus Zittel teaches philosophy and German literature at the Universities of Frankfurt am Main, Berlin (FU) and Olstzyn (Poland) and is the co-leader of the Max-Planck Research group, The Conscious Image at the Kunsthistorisches Institut/Max-Planck-Institut Florence. His publications include Theatrum philosophicum, . Descartes und die Rolle asthetischer Formen in der Wissenschaft (Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 2009) and (with Moritz Epple) Science as Cultural Practice Vol. 1: Cultures and Politics of Research from the Early Modern Period to the Age of Extremes (Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 2010).

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