The Art of Structures: Introduction to the Functioning of Structures in Architecture

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EPFL Press, 2011 - Architectural design - 269 pages
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This book describes the complete panorama of supporting structures and their function by describing how loads are sustained and transmitted to the ground. With a minimum of mathematics, the reader is guided through the analysis of some of the world's most famous designs and structures from a civil-engineering perspective. An intuitive approach is taken - the basics of equilibrium analysis are explained by visualizing the internal forces of specific structures with the aid of simple graphical tools. Ideal for anyone who needs an intuitive and practical approach to the design and appropriate sizing of load-bearing structures.
  

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Contents

Arches
2
The purpose of a Structure
4
4
23
Structural diagrams The span l and the rise f Supports
37
Loads that act on a structure 9
81
Domes
95
Stabilization of the arch and carrying of variable loads
118
Solution to the problem of deformability and stability
125
Trusses for other structural forms
153
Internal forces in the middle zone of beams 163 Internal force in zones in tension and in compression 163 Reinforced concrete beams 164 Simple be...
168
Behavior of a wideflange beam with vertical flanges 171 The efficiency of a section 172 Form section and structural efficiency 172 Simple beams wi...
185
Stacked frames 191 Multistory sidebyside frames 192 Vierendeel beams 192 Deep beams and walls 195 Wall beams
197
Folded plate structures 200 Ribbed slabs beam grids and slabs 201 Composition of beams to support a flat area 203 Beam grids
204
21
210
Stability of compressed members 215 Strength of a rod in compression
218
Influence of the stiffness of the material on the critical load
224

12
126
General analysis of trusses Upper chord lower chord and diagonals Influence of the height and the span on the internal forces
132
Identification of diagonals with the largest internal force Identification of diagonals under tension and those under
138
17
141
Stiffness 17
148
Analytical determination of the funicular
231
Space trusses Vaults and domes composed of trusses
257
Concrete 23
261
146
263
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