The Art of Structures: Introduction to the Functioning of Structures in Architecture
This book describes the complete panorama of supporting structures and their function by describing how loads are sustained and transmitted to the ground. With a minimum of mathematics, the reader is guided through the analysis of some of the world's most famous designs and structures from a civil-engineering perspective. An intuitive approach is taken - the basics of equilibrium analysis are explained by visualizing the internal forces of specific structures with the aid of simple graphical tools. Ideal for anyone who needs an intuitive and practical approach to the design and appropriate sizing of load-bearing structures.
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The purpose of a Structure
Structural diagrams The span l and the rise f Supports
Loads that act on a structure 9
Stabilization of the arch and carrying of variable loads
Solution to the problem of deformability and stability
Trusses for other structural forms
Internal forces in the middle zone of beams 163 Internal force in zones in tension and in compression 163 Reinforced concrete beams 164 Simple be...
Behavior of a wideflange beam with vertical flanges 171 The efficiency of a section 172 Form section and structural efficiency 172 Simple beams wi...
Stacked frames 191 Multistory sidebyside frames 192 Vierendeel beams 192 Deep beams and walls 195 Wall beams
Folded plate structures 200 Ribbed slabs beam grids and slabs 201 Composition of beams to support a flat area 203 Beam grids
Stability of compressed members 215 Strength of a rod in compression
Influence of the stiffness of the material on the critical load
General analysis of trusses Upper chord lower chord and diagonals Influence of the height and the span on the internal forces
Identification of diagonals with the largest internal force Identification of diagonals under tension and those under
analyze arch-cable axis barrel vault bars BEAM GRIDS behavior bending bridge cantilevers carry caused clamped columns composed COMPRESSED MEMBERS compression zone compressive internal force concentrated load constant construction corresponds Cremona diagram critical load curvature curve deflection deformation determine diagonals dimensions distance dome effective depth efficiency elasticity equivalent span example shown fan vault flanges free body free to rotate functioning funicular arch funicular polygon groin vault height hinges hyperbolic paraboloid illustration shows increase intensity largest internal force limit line of action load Q load-bearing cable lower chord maximum membrane modulus modulus of elasticity node obtain parabola pavilion vault permanent loads reinforced concrete resultant ribs roof seen similar slab slenderness ratio slope stability static determinacy statically indeterminate steel stiffening cables stiffness strength stress structural element subjected surface tensile internal forces tension and compression tension zone thickness truss upper chord variable loads yield strength