Drug Use: A Reference Handbook (Google eBook)

Front Cover
ABC-CLIO, 2004 - Political Science - 269 pages
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An intriguing look at the delicate balance in American drug policy between enforcement and reducing supply, versus prevention and reducing demand. Like heroin and cocaine before it, crack now drives American drug policy, and our prisons overflow due to mandatory three strikes sentencing. Even with a Cabinet-level drug czar, Americans continue to use crack and other mind-altering drugs in record numbers. Horse, Smack, Crack, Ecstasy, U.S. Drug Policy: A Reference Handbook focuses on the shifting approaches and attitudes behind American drug policies, especially in the last 30 years. This thought-provoking volume emphasizes the need to balance the legislation championing enforcement and reducing supply, with that calling for treatment, prevention, and reducing demand. Here is a probing look at illegal substances, along with the motivation, problems, controversies, and proposed solutions surrounding their use. Rounding out this study of a complicated aspect of American culture are the major events and significant people that influenced U.S. drug policy, what's behind addiction, and plenty of statistics.
  

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Contents

Tax Revenues and Big Business
118
Alcohol
122
Female Alcohol Use
125
Adolescent and YoungAdult Alcohol Use
127
Infant Alcohol Syndrome
137
Binge Drinking
141
LicitDrug Overviews
146
Impaired Driving
148

Who Uses Drugs? What Are the Risk Factors?
9
Interpersonal Relations
10
LabelingCriminalization Process
11
Which Drugs Define the Problem?
12
Alcohol
13
Cannabis Marijuana and Hashish
15
Heroin
17
Cocaine
18
Prevention and Treatment Factors
20
Treatment
26
References
31
Problems Controversies and Solutions US Drug Policy in Perspective
33
What Do They Show?
35
What Does All This Cost?
38
Effectiveness of Prevention and Treatment Programs
39
The Presidents National Drug Control Strategy
44
Progress toward Two and FiveYear Goals
46
What Are the Perspectives?
47
What Are the Perspectives?
59
The Debate Goes On
74
Notes
76
References
77
IllicitDrug Use Whats Happening?
79
Production Trafficking and Consumption
80
Opium and Heroin
84
Cocaine
92
IllicitDrug Overviews
96
The Connection Cost and Need for Change
99
Attitudes and Behavior
100
References
104
Tobacco and Alcohol What Are the Facts and Data?
107
Female Tobacco Use
108
Adolescent Tobacco Use
110
Advertising
113
Notes
151
Chronology
155
References
173
Biographical Sketches
177
Len Bias 19631986
178
Joseph Califano Jr 1931
179
Sigmund Freud 18561939
180
Francis Harrison 18731957
181
David Kessler 1951
182
Timothy Leary 19201996
183
Alfred Lindesmith 19051991
184
Richard M Nixon 19131994
186
Benjamin Rush 17451813
188
George Soros 1930
189
Luther Terry 19111985
190
Andrew Volstead 18601947
191
William Bill Wilson 18951971
192
References
193
Directory of Organizations Associations and Agencies
195
UniversityBased Drug Research and Policy Centers
205
Governmental Organizations
207
International Organizations
212
Print and Nonprint Resources
215
Journals and Newsletters
219
Web Resources
225
National Statistics
228
Bibliography
232
Journals
233
Government Publications and Other Reports
234
Glossary
241
Commonly Abused Drugs Categories and Street Terms
251
Index
255
About the Author
269
Copyright

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