The History of English Law, Volume 1

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Contents

Table of Contents
xviii
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lxxi
Boyal Courts to the late Thirteenth Century lxxvi Becords of Local Courts
lxxxiii
Personal Actions in Local Courts Ixxxix Contract in Boyal Courts lxxxix
lxxxix
CHAPTER I
1
age of Boman law 2 The beginnings of ecclesiastical law 2 Century III
7
and VIIL Germanic laws 12 System of personal laws
13
Legislation in England 19 England and the Continent 20 Century XI
24
Action in the kings court 352 Distress 353 Proceedings in
355
unprotected by
370
Villeinage and labour 370 Uncertainty of villein services 372 Tests
379
the ancient demesne 384 Once ancient demesne always ancient
389
Bractons theory 389 Theory and practice 391 Difl5culties of classi
397
The king and the conquest settlement 398 Boyal protection of royal
406
The Knights pp 411412
411
The serf in relation to his lord 415 Rightlessness of
422

AngloSaxon Law pp 2563
25
Saxon dooms and custumals 27 AngloSaxon landbooks 28 Survey
35
Courts and justice 37 Procedure 38 Temporal
41
County and hundred courts 42 Private jurisdiction 43 Subject
50
Why no trial by battle 50 Treason 51 Homicide 52 Personal
62
land tenure 69 Seignorial justice 72 Limits of ducal power 73 Legal
77
History of our legal language 80 Struggle between Latin
87
Character of Williams laws 89 Personal or territorial laws 90 Main
96
Leges Henrici 99 Consiliatio Cnuli 101 Instituta
103
claims of Roman law 112 Growth of Canon law 112 Gratian
113
English legists and canonists 120 Scientific work in England 120
122
Church property 126 Ecclesiastical dues 127 Matri
134
Henrys innovations The jury and the original writ 138 Essence
147
Cases in the kings court 156 Law and letters
160
Richard Fitz Neal 161 Dialogue on the Exchequer 161 Ranulf
167
CHAPTER VII
174
Statute law The Charters 178 Provisions of Merton West
184
The chancery 193 The original writs 195 The chancery
205
professional attorneys 213 Professional pleaders 214 Regulation
220
BOOK IL
227
Feudal tenure 234 Analysis of dependent tenure
238
Gifts to God and the saints 243 Free alms and forinsec service
244
Pure alms 245 Frankalmoin and ecclesiastical jurisdiction 246
250
Units of military service 254 The forty days 254 Knights fees
256
ment between king and tenant in chief 258 Honours and baronies
259
Duty of the military tenant in chief 262 Position of military sub
266
Tenure by escuage 272 The lords right to scutage 274 Reduction
276
Serjeanty pp 282290
282
serjeanty owed by the kings tenants in chief 283 Serjeanties due
290
Meaning of socage 293 Socage in contrast to military
296
Vassalism in the Norman age 300 Bracton on homage 301 Homage
303
Rights of the lord on the tenants death 310 Prerogative
310
Wardship and Marriage pp 318329
318
The lords rights vendible 322 Wardship and the serjeanties 323
327
Aids pp 349351
349
The freedman 428 Modes of enfranchisement
429
arising from civil death 435 The monk as agent 436 The abbatial
438
Exceptional rules applied to the clerk 440 Benefit
447
s scheme 448 Henrys scheme and past history 449 Henrys
456
of the alien 459 Naturalization 4C0 Law of earlier times
460
The kinds of aliens 464 The alien merchants 464 The alien
467
Relation of the Jew to the king 471 Relation of the
475
Lepers Lunatics and Idiots pp 480481
481
of the corporation 488 The anthropomorphic picture of a corporation
489
general
497
The church as person 501 The church as universitas
505
Personification of the kingship not necessary 512 The kings rights
515
Kings land and crown land 518 Slow growth of a law of capacities
521
CHAPTER III
527
The county court 535 Identity of county and county court
536
Full courts and intermediate courts 539 The suitors 640 Suit is
544
The communal courts in earlier times 545 Struggle between various
552
in the kings hands 557 Hundreds in private hands 558 Duties
559
Hamlets 562 Vill and village 562 Vill and township
565
Contribution of township to general fines 566 Exactions from townships
566
Regalities and feudal rights 571 Acquisition of regalities
572
Contrast between powers and immunities 577 Sake soke toll
580
a manorial court 585 Jurisdiction of the feudal court 586 Civil
592
Occupation of the manor house 598 Demesne land 599 The freehold
602
Coincidence not always found 607 Nonmanorial vills
608
Permanent apportionment of the townships duties 610 Allotment
628
Coownership and corporate property 630
632
Transition to cent xiii
639
Privileged tenure 645 Mesne tenure in the boroughs
645
Lands of the borough 652 Waste land 651 The boroughs
656
Limits to legislative powers 661 Enforcement of bylaws 661 Rates
668
Charters for the borough the county and the whole land 674 Charters
677
Criminal liability of the borough 678 Civil liability 679 The com
687
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