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A New Phonetic Model of Intonation
Computer Implementation of the New Model
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accent shapes accented syllable amplitude analysis system assessment method boundary element boundary rise British school chapter data set defined described difficult downdrift downstep duration errors fall elements fall shapes fall-rise Figure formal ft contours Fujisaki model Fujisaki system glottis H accents hand labelled Hertz human labeller intermediate level intermediate-ft mapping interpolation rules intonation phrase intonational effects Ladd Ladd's language model legal set linguistic low-rise module monomial normalised nuclear accent obstruents optimal matching peak performance phonetic model phonological description phonological level phonological system phonology-ft grammar phonology-intermediate grammar phonology-intermediate mapping phrase component Pierrehumbert pitch accents pitch range possible problem prominence prosodic redundancy RFC description RFC elements RFC system rise and fall rise element rise-assim rising connection element scale score segmental influence segmental perturbations sequence shows similar speech recognition speech synthesis straight line syllable synthesized contours target theory tones transcription tune unvoiced regions utterance values vowel vowel height