Fundamentals of Hydrology
Water is essential to sustain life on Earth and an understanding of water quantity and quality issues is vital for anyone involved in environmental management. Fundamentals of Hydrologyprovides an absorbing and comprehensive introduction to how fresh water moves on and around the planet and how humans affect the quantity and quality of water available to them.
The book consists of three parts, each of fundamental importance to an understanding of hydrology:
*The first section deals with processes within the hydrological cycle, our understanding of them, and how to measure and estimate the amount of water within each process.
*The second section is concerned with the assessment of important hydrological parameters such as streamflow and water quality. It describes techniques used by practising hydrologists in the assessment of water resources.
*The final section of the book draws together the first two parts to discuss how we can manage our water resources for the maximum benefit of humanity and the environment overall.
Fundamentals of Hydrologyis a lively and accessible introduction to the study of hydrology and will give undergraduates an understanding of hydrological processes, a knowledge of the techniques used to assess water resources and an up to date overview of hydrology in a changing world. Throughout the text examples and case studies from around the world are used to clearly explain ideas and techniques. Chapter summaries, essay questions, guides to further reading and a glossary are also included.
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HYDROLOGY IN A CHANGING WORLD
amount of water aquatic aquifer assessment atmosphere average baseflow canopy canopy interception catchment cent Chapter depth derived discharge dissolved oxygen distribution drainage droplets earth effective rainfall effluent energy environment estimate evaporation pan Figure flood frequency analysis flow duration curve forest frequency analysis groundwater heat hillslope hydraulic hydraulic conductivity hydrograph hydrological cycle hydrological processes hydrologist hydrology important land low flow lysimeter measurement method movement of water nitrate normally occurs overland flow parameters particularly Penman pollution potential evaporation precipitation problem radiation rain gauge record remote sensing river system salinity satellite saturated saturated zone scale sediment sensible heat snow soil moisture content soil water spatial storage storm hydrograph stormflow stream streamflow techniques temperature term Thames throughfall throughflow unit hydrograph urban vapour pressure variable vegetation water balance equation water content water molecules water quality water resource management water sample water table water vapour water-quality
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