The Fiscus Judaicus and the Parting of the Ways

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Mohr Siebeck, 2010 - Religion - 241 pages
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Marius Heemstra argues that the harsh administration of the Fiscus Judaicus under the Roman emperor Domitian (81-96) and the reform of this Fiscus under the emperor Nerva (96-98), accelerated the parting of the ways between Judaism and Christianity, resulting in two separate religions.From 96 CE onwards, Roman authorities used a more pointed definition of Jew, which made it easier for them to distinguish between Judaism (an accepted religion within the empire) and Christianity (an illegal religious movement). This parting should primarily be interpreted as a break between Jewish Christians and mainstream Judaism. Both parties claimed to be the true representatives of the continuing history of Israel. In this study, the author pays special attention to the Roman and Jewish context of the Book of Revelation, the Letter to the Hebrews, and the Gospel of John, including the debate about the birkat ha-minim .
  

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Contents

Fiscus Judaicus
7
Domitians Harsh Administration of the Fiscus Judaicus
24
Nervas Reform of the Fiscus Judaicus
67
Their Crimes and Punishments from Nero
85
Peter
93
Revelation
103
Jewish Christians and the Fiscus
134
B Date of Hebrews
144
Purpose
153
Fiscus Judaicus Birkat
159
Parting of the Ways
190
Bibliography
213
Index of Ancient Sources
227
Index of Modern Authors
237
Copyright

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About the author (2010)

Marius Heemstra, Born 1960; 1985 Masters Degree (Ancient History) from the University of Groningen; 2006 Masters Degree (Theology) from the University of Groningen; 2009 PhD from the University of Groningen; Insurance Manager for a multinational Dutch telecom operator.

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